The body of laws and reguations new members of the EU must accept before gaining admission.
Support for expanding EU membership.
Gives more power to parliament. Makes council ministers cooperate with European parliament. More than half of the laws are passed off of Codecision. Parliament has more power in codecision than in Co-op. The Maastricht treaty is an Example, when the ECC became the EU.
Expansion of the EU's powers.
The lack of democratic procedures in the EU.
Qualified majority voting
The EU voting system in which the Council of Ministers does not need to reach unanimity on most issues.
In the EU, policy that devolves decision making to the lowest appropriate level.
Authority that transcends national borders.
Informal term denoting the main areas in which the EU has worked since the Maastricht Treaty.
Formerly required for all decisions in the EU, now only for major new policies.
The executive of the European Union.
Committee of Permanent Representatives
EU civil servants who are sent by and work for the member states rather than the EU itself.
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
The EU's agricultural policy, blamed for many of its economic troubles and likely to be changed as it adds new members.
Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
EU goal of creating a single foreign policy for its 15 member states; one of the three pillars
Colloquial name used to describe the EU, especially in its early years.
Council of Ministers
A generic term used to describe the cabinet in many countries.
The new European currency, introduced in 1999.
European Coal and Steel Community
One of the precursors of the EU, formed in 1951.
The formal name of what became the EU in the 1970s and 1980s.
European Court of Justice
The EU's judicial body, with sweeping powers.
European Economic Community
The precursor of the EU.
European Monetary System
The first attempt to link the EU member states' currencies.
European Monetary Union
Created 1998; includes a central bank and the euro.
The EU's legislature.
The current name of the "Common Market".
Maastricht Treaty on European Union
Created the EU and EMU; signed in 1992.
U.S. funds provided for reconstruction of Europe after WW2.
Single European Act
Act that created the truly common market in 1992.
Treaty of Amsterdam
Minor 1998 agreement that added some limited powers to the EU.
Treaty of Nice
(2001) created democratic voting system to accommodate EU enlargement; bring balance between larger and smaller countries.
Treaty of Rome
Created the European Economic Community in 1957.