Unit 7 World War II

20 terms by jonmwood 

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Appeasement

policy of Western European states accepting Hitler's demands if they seemed reasonable to maintain peace.

Blitzkrieg

offensive war tactic known as "lightning war"

Isolationism

policy of neutrality that separates a country from being involved with external political affairs, specifically WWII.

Lebensraum

a theory that superior nations have the right of living space through expansion.

Kamikaze

Japanese suicide pilots

Genocide

the deliberate killing or removal of a large group of people especially those of a specific ethnic group

Auschwitz

the largest Nazi death camp in WWII

Nuremberg Trials

Trials of Nazi leaders after WWII for committing war crimes.

D-Day

June 6, 1944 - Over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

Holocaust

A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.

sanctions

restrictions intended to enforce international law

demilitarized

an area with all military weapons or fortifications removed

Final Solution

Heinrich Himmler's plan of committing genocide of European Jews.

Atrocity

an extremely wicked or cruel act, usually of physical violence

Internment camp

a prison camp to hold enemy aliens or prisoners of war.

Winston Churchill

Britain's new prime minister during WWII who pleaded for US aid.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

The 32nd president of the United States. He was President from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II.

Douglas MacArthur

United States general who commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II, (1880-1964), he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945.

Dwight Eisenhower

US General of the Allied forces in Europe during WWII and commander of the DDay invasion.

Nazi-Soviet Pact

agreement between Hitler and Stalin that said they would both invade Poland and not attack one another

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