The hollow ball of cells marking the end stage of cleavage during early embryonic development
An embryonic stage in animal development encompassing the formation of three layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.
the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose
the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
A group of organisms that share the same level of organizational complexity or share a key adaptation.
member of the clade of 'true animals', the animals with true tissues (all animals except sponges)
arrangement of body parts so there are distinct left and right halves that mirror each other
Tissue layers in the embryos of all animals except sponges, ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm
The outermost of the three primary germ layers in animal embryos; gives rise to the outer covering and, in some phyla, the nervous system, inner ear, and lens of the eye
The innermost of the three primary germ layers in animal embryos; lines the archenteron and gives rise to the liver, pancreas, lungs, and the lining of the digestive tract
The endoderm-lined cavity, formed during gastrulation, that develops into the digestive tract of an animal.
the middle germ layer that develops into muscle and bone and cartilage and blood and connective tissue
An animal that possesses a true coelom (a body cavity lined by tissue completely derived from mesoderm).
A type of embryonic development in protostomes, in which the planes of cell division that transform the zygote into a ball of cells occur obliquely to the polar axis, resulting in cells of each tier sitting in the grooves between cells of adjacent tiers.
A type of embryonic development in protostomes that rigidly casts the developmental fate of each embryonic cell very early.
A type of embryonic development in deuterostomes in that the planes of cell division that transform the zygote into a ball of cells are either parallel or perpendicular to the polar axis, thereby aligning tiers of cells one above the other.
A type of embryonic development in deuterostomes, in which each cell produced by early cleavage divisions retains the capacity to develop into a complete embryo.
In protosomes, a pattern of development in which a solid mass of mesoderm cells splits to form the cavity that becomes the coelom.
The opening of the archenteron in the gastrula that develops into the mouth in protostomes and the anus in deuterostomes
a clade that encompasses the annelids, mollusks, and several other phyla, they are distinguished by two morphological features, the lophophore, a crown of tentacles used for feeding,and the trochophore larva, a distinct larval stage
One of two distinct clades within the protostomes. It includes the arthropods and animals that molt as they grow.
Distinctive larval stage observed in some lophotrochozoan animals, including some annelids and molluscs.
the last period during the Precambrian period, when there was extensive glaciation, which delayed further evolution on earth
545 to 525 mya all major body plans evolved examples are in the fossils of the Burgess Shale