5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- executive orders
- How much power do presidents really have, and under what circumstances do they exercise it?
- signing statement
- What do Americans want from the president? What determines whether presidential approval ratings are high or low?
- recess appointment
- a Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- b a document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the Law, which often differs from from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented
- c Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
- d proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
- e when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the idea that the vesting clause of the Constitution gives the president the authority to issue orders and policy directives that cannot be undone by Congress
- one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
- An annual speech in which the president address Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies
- an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
- one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
5 True/False Questions
fast-track authority → Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
go public → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
constitutional authority (presidential) → powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government
first-mover advantage → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
two presidencies → The idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues