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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. go public
  2. unilateral action (presidential)
  3. executive agreement
  4. recess appointment
  5. head of government
  1. a a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
  2. b one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
  3. c an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
  4. d any policy decision made and acted upon by the president and his staff without the explicit approval or consent of congress
  5. e when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government
  2. Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
  3. The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
  4. one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
  5. Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.

5 True/False questions

  1. Executive Office of the President (EOP)powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.


  2. executive privilegethe right of the president to keep executive branch conversations and correspondence confidential from the legislative and judicial branches


  3. first-mover advantagethe president's power to initiate treaty negotiations. Congress cannot initiate treaties and can only consider them once they have been negotiated


  4. State of the Unionone role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.


  5. two presidenciesThe idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues


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