← Chapter 11 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- head of government
- What does the executive branch do? How is it organized?
- first-mover advantage
- signing statement
- What is the president's job description?
- a a document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the Law, which often differs from from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented
- b The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
- c Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush
- d one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
- e the president's power to initiate treaty negotiations. Congress cannot initiate treaties and can only consider them once they have been negotiated
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the percentage of Americans who feel that the president is doing a good job in office.
- a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
- powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
- Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
- Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
5 True/False Questions
executive agreement → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
fast-track authority → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
Executive Office of the President (EOP) → the right of the president to keep executive branch conversations and correspondence confidential from the legislative and judicial branches
cabinet → a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
unilateral action (presidential) → powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.