← Chapter 11 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- head of state
- What do Americans want from the president? What determines whether presidential approval ratings are high or low?
- presidential approval
- How much power do presidents really have, and under what circumstances do they exercise it?
- Executive Office of the President (EOP)
- a the percentage of Americans who feel that the president is doing a good job in office.
- b one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
- c Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
- d Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
- e the group of policy-related offices that serves as support to staff to the president
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush
- a document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the Law, which often differs from from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented
- Presidents have done important things, such as expanding US territory, fighting wars, and creating new domestic programs. It matters who gets elected president. Many presidential accomplishments are made in the face of high levels of conflict between the president and Congress, the president and the courts, or between all 3 branches of government. The power of the presidency has expanded over time, in part because of the increased power and size of the US.
- one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
- The idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues
5 True/False Questions
State of the Union → one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
go public → the group of fifteen executive department heads who implement the president's agenda in their respective positions
What is the president's job description? → The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
constitutional authority (presidential) → powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
executive agreement → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval