5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- head of government
- unilateral action (presidential)
- executive agreement
- executive orders
- vesting clause
- a proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
- b Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution, which states that "executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA," making the president both head of the government and head of state
- c any policy decision made and acted upon by the president and his staff without the explicit approval or consent of congress
- d one role of the president, through which he or she has authority over the executive branch.
- e an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
5 Multiple choice questions
- a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
- one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
- the group of policy-related offices that serves as support to staff to the president
- An annual speech in which the president address Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies
- a document issued by the president when signing a bill into law explaining his interpretation of the Law, which often differs from from the interpretation of Congress, in an attempt to influence how the law will be implemented
5 True/False questions
recess appointment → when a person is chosen by the president to fill a position, such as an ambassadorship or the head of a department, while the Senate is snot in session, thereby bypassing Senate approval. Unless approved by a subsequent Senate vote, recess appointees serve only to the end of the congressional term
How much power do presidents really have, and under what circumstances do they exercise it? → Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
constitutional authority (presidential) → powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
What do Americans want from the president? What determines whether presidential approval ratings are high or low? → Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
fast-track authority → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.