← Chapter 11 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- go public
- executive agreement
- constitutional authority (presidential)
- State of the Union
- What does the executive branch do? How is it organized?
- a a president's use of speeches and other public communications to appeal directly to citizens about issues the president would like the House and Senate to act on
- b powers derived from the provisions of the Constitution that outline the president's role in government
- c an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
- d An annual speech in which the president address Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies
- e Political appointees in the Executive Office of the President, along with the VP and appointees in executive departments and agencies, help the president manage the federal government and provide political assistance to the president and to candidates from his political party. The primary mission of presidential appointees is to help the president achieve his or her policy goals. As such, loyalty to the president is generally valued over policy expertise. VP Dick Cheney was the most powerful VP in American history owing to his experience, expertise, and general agreement with Pres Bush
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.
- The president's duties include overseeing the implementation of legislation; appointing senior government officials and federal judges; issuing executive orders; serving as military commander in chief; directing America's foreign policy; proposing, signing and vetoing legislation; and carrying out other duties. The president is a politician who needs to cultivate citizens' support to get reelected, to pressure Congress to enact his proposals, and to help elect candidates from his party. Even after 220 years of American history, the limits of presidential power in such areas as national security and executive privilege remain unclear
- powers derived from laws enacted by Congress that add to the powers given to the president in the Constitution.
- Most Americans want the president to have good judgment and to be ethical and compassionate. Somewhat fewer Americans want a president who is politically experienced and willing to compromise. Issues such as the economy and health care are perennially important in presidential elections. In recent elections, national security issues such as preventing terrorist attacks and managing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have also come to the fore. Presidential approval ratings are driven by a president's performance on the major issues facing the country, such as the economy and national security.
- Ambiguities in the Constitution and in statutory authority allow the president to act unilaterally- that is, to change politices without congressional approval. All recent presidents have taken unilateral actions especially on foreign policy and at the end of their terms. Congress can try to undo unilateral presidential actions by passing legislation with a veto-proof, two-thirds majority. Even then, reversing the president's action may require a court challenge if the president claims he is using constitutional authority. Congress also has te power to remove the president from office through the impeachment procedure. Impeachment is a cumbersome and politically risky strategy, however, and it has never been successfully used to remove a president.
5 True/False Questions
unitary executive theory → proclamations made by the president that change government policy without congressional approval
Executive Office of the President (EOP) → an agreement between the executive branch and a foreign government which acts as a treaty but does not require Senate approval.
head of government → one role of the president, through which he or she represents the country symbolically and politically
presidential approval → The idea that presidents have more interest in and power over foreign policy issues compared to domestic policy issues. This asymmetry is created by the president's greater influence over the making of foreign policy and the generally lower salience of foreign policy issues
first-mover advantage → an expedited system for passing treaties under which support from a simple majority, rather than a two-thirds majority, is needed in both the House and Senate, and no amendments are allowed.