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The American people and their government were deeply involved in the key international developments of the 1860s and 1870s.

False. The American people and their government were not involved in the key international developments of the 1860s and 1870s.

Alfred T. Mahan argued in his book that the control of colonies to provide raw materials and markets was the key to world history.

False. Alfred T. Mahan argued in his book that the control of the sea was the key to world history.

The South American boundary dispute in 1895-1896 nearly resulted in a U.S. war with
Venezuela.

False. The South American boundary dispute in 1895-1896 nearly resulted in a U.S. war with Britain.

President Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because he believed that the white planters
there had unjustly deposed Queen Liliuokalani.

True

Americans first became involved in Cuba because they sympathized with the Cubans' revolt against imperialist Spain.

True

The Hearst press worked to promote a peaceful, negotiated settlement involving Cuban self-government under Spanish rule.

False. The Hearst press worked to promote overseas expansionism.

President McKinley tried to resist the pressure for war with Spain coming from the businesspeople and the Wall Street financiers.

False. President McKinley tried to resist the pressure for war because he was opposed to violence.

Admiral Dewey's squadron attacked Spanish forces in the Philippines because of secret orders given by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt.

True

American forces were aided in capturing Manila by native Filipino insurgents who were rebelling against Spain.

True

The American military conquest of Cuba was efficient, but very costly in battlefield casualties.

False. The American military conquest of Cuba was inefficient and had high disease casualties.

President McKinley declared that religion played a crucial role in his decision to keep the Philippines as an American colony.

True

The peace treaty with Spain that made the Philippines an American colony was almost
universally popular with the U.S. Senate and the American public.

False. The peace treaty with Spain that made the Philippines an American colony was fairly unpopular with the U.S. Senate and the American public.

The Supreme Court decided in the insular cases that American constitutional law and the Bill of Rights applied to people under American rule in Puerto Rico and the Philippines.

False. The Supreme Court decided in the insular cases that American constitutional law and the Bill of Rights didn't apply to people under American rule in Puerto Rico and the Philippines.

The Filipino insurrection against U.S. rule was larger and more costly in lives than the
Spanish-American War.

True

The Spanish-American War made the Americans a full-fledged power in the Far East.

True

John Hay's Open Door notes effectively rescued China from foreign intervention and partition.

True

Theodore Roosevelt believed that America and its president should exercise restraint in international involvements.

False. Theodore Roosevelt believed that America and its president should not exercise restraint in international involvements.

Roosevelt encouraged and assisted the Panamanian revolution against Colombia in 1903.

True

The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that only the United States had the right to intervene in Latin American nations' affairs.

True

The Japanese crisis of 1906 forced President Roosevelt to intervene in the policies of the San Francisco School Board.

True

Alfred Thayer Mahan helped develop American interest in overseas expansion by

b. arguing that domination of the seas through naval power was the key to world
domination.

Which of the following was not among the factors propelling America toward overseas
expansion in the 1890's?

c. The need to find new African and Asian sources of raw materials for U.S. industry

The end result in of the Venezuelan-Guiana crisis with Britain was

d. British retreat and growing American-British friendship.

President Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because

a. white planters had illegally overthrown Queen Liliuokalani against the wishes of most
native Hawaiians.

Americans first became concerned with the situation in Cuba because

c. Americans sympathized with Cuban rebels in their fight for freedom from Spanish rule.

Even before the sinking of the Maine, the American public's indignation at Spain had been whipped into a frenzy by

c. William Randolph Hearst sensational newspaper accounts of Spanish atrocities in
Cuba.

Even after the Maine exploded, the United States did not immediately declare war on Cuba
because

b. President McKinley was reluctant to get into a war.

As soon as war was declared on Spain, Commodore George Dewey sailed to the Philippine
Islands because

b. he had been given orders to do so by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt

Emilio Aguinaldo was

b. the leader of Filipino insurgents against Spanish rule.

The largest cause of American deaths in Cuba was

d. bad food, disease, and unsanitary conditions.

Which of the following was NOT among the colonial territories that the United States
acquired in the Spanish-American War?

b. the Virgin Islands.

President McKinley based his decision to make the Philippines an American colony on

b. a combination of religious piety and material economic interests.

Among prominent Americans who opposed annexation of the Philippines were

c. Mark Twain and William James.

Pro-imperialist Americans argued that the Philippines should be seized because of

a. patriotism and economic opportunities.

The most immediate consequence of American acquisition of the Philippines was

b. an agreement between Americans and Filipinos to move toward Philippine
independence.

The Platt Amendment provided that

d. the United States had the right to intervene with and maintain military bases in Cuba.

Roosevelt overcame the Colombian refusal to approve a canal treaty by

b. encouraging the Panamanian rebels to revolt and declare independence from Colombia.

The Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declared that

d. The United States had the right to intervene in Latin American countries to maintain
financial and political order.

Roosevelt's policy in Panama and elsewhere in Latin America led to

b. considerable resentment and hostility toward American intervention in Latin America.

Roosevelt mediated the Portsmouth Treaty to settle the war between

b. Russia and Japan

Roosevelt's mediation of the Portsmouth treaty led to growing tension between the United
States and

b. Russia and Japan

The diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan in 1906 was caused by

c. the San Francisco School Board's segregation of Japanese immigrant children.

The "Gentlemen's Agreement" between the United States and Japan provided that

b. The San Francisco schools would be integrated and Japan would stop the flow of
Japanese immigrants to America.

Roosevelt's "Great White Fleet" served as

b. a demonstration of American naval power.

Theodore Roosevelt's slogan that stated his essential foreign policy principle was

c. "Speak softly and carry a big stick."

Path-breaking meetings of all Latin American and North American nations in Washington in 1889

Pan-American Confrence

Remote Pacific site of a naval clash between the United States and Germany in 1889

Samoan Islands

South American nation that nearly came to blows with the United States in 1892 over an incident involving the deaths of American sailors

Chile

The principle of American foreign policy invoked by Secretary of State Olney to justify American intervention in the Venezuelan boundary dispute

Monroe Doctrine

Term for the sensationalistic and jingoistic pro-war journalism practiced by W.R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer

Yellow Journalism

American battleship sent on a "friendly" visit to Cuba that ended in disaster and war

U.S.S. Maine

Amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the United States would grant Cubans their freedom.

Teller Amendment

Site of the dramatic American naval victory that set the stage for putting a group of rich Spanish-owned islands into the hands of the United States

Manila Harbor

Colorful volunteer regiment of the Spanish-American War led by a military inexperienced but politically influential colonel

Rough Riders

The Caribbean island conquered from Spain in 1898 that became an American colony

Puerto Rico

Group that battled against American colonization of the Philippines, which included such influential citizens as Mark Twain and Andrew Carnegie

The Anti-Imperialist League

Supreme Court cases in 1901 that determined that the U.S. Constitution did not apply in all the territories under the American flag

Insular Cases

John Hay's clever diplomatic efforts to preserve Chinese territorial integrity and maintain American access to China.

Open Door Policy

American-imposed restriction written into the constitution of Cuba that guaranteed American naval bases on the island and declared that the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba

Platt Amendment

Anti-foreign Chinese revolt of 1900 that brought military intervention by Western troops, including Americans

Boxer Rebellion

Diplomatic agreement of 1901 that permitted the United States to build and fortify a Central American canal alone, without British involvement.

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

Nation whose senate in 1902 refused to ratify a treaty permitting the United States to build a canal across its territory

Columbia

Questionable extension of a traditional American policy; declared an American right to intervene in Latin American nations under certain circumstances

Roosevelt Corollary

Diplomatic understanding of 1907-1908 that ended a Japanese American crisis over treatment of Japanese immigrants to the U.S.

Gentlemen's Agreement

Agreement between the United States and the revolutionary government of Panama granting America the right to build a canal

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

War concluded by Roosevelt-mediated treaty that earned TR the Nobel Peace Prize but caused much ill will toward America from the two signatories

Russo-Japanese War

Josiah Strong

J. American clergyman who preached Anglo-Saxon superiority and called for stronger U.S. missionary effort overseas

Alfred Thayer Mahan

F. American naval officer who wrote influential books emphasizing sea power and advocating a big navy

Emilio Aguinaldo

K. Filipino leader of a guerilla war against American rule from 1899
to 1901
___ 12. Philippe Bunau-Varilla L. President

Queen Liliuokalani

D. Native Hawaiian ruler overthrown in a revolution led by white planters and aided by the U.S. troops

Grover Cleveland

N. American president who refused to annex Hawaii on the grounds that the native ruler had been unjustly deposed

"Butcher" Weyler

C. Spanish general whose brutal tactics against Cuban rebels
outraged American public opinion.

William Randolph Hearst

H. Vigorous promoter of sensationalistic anti-Spanish propaganda and eager advocate of imperialistic war

William McKinley

L. President who initially opposed war with Spain but eventually supported U.S. acquisition of the Philippines

George E. Dewey

G. Naval commander whose spectacular May Day victory in 1898 opened doors to American imperialism in Asia

Theodore Roosevelt

A. Imperialist advocate, aggressive assistant navy secretary, Rough Rider

John Hay

O. American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China

Philippe Bunau-Varilla

E. Scheming French engineer who helped stage a revolution in Panama and then became the new country's "instant" foreign minister

William James

B. Harvard philosopher and one of the leading anti-imperialists opposing U.S. acquisition of the Philippines

William Jennings Bryan

M. Leading Democratic politician whose intervention narrowly
tipped the Senate vote in favor of acquiring the Philippines in
1899

Thomas Platt

I. New York politician who successfully schemed to get TR out of New York and into the vice presidency in Washington

Economic expansion, the yellow press, and competition with other powers

F. Turned America away from isolationism and toward international involvements in the 1890s

The Venezuelan boundary dispute

C. Strengthened the Monroe Doctrine and made Britain more willing to accommodate U.S. interests

The white planter revolt against Queen Liliuokalani

E. Set off the first debate about the wisdom and rightness of American overseas imperialism

The Cuban revolt against Spain

G. Aroused strong sympathy from most Americans

The Maine explosion

B. Created an emotional and irresistible public demand for war with Spain

Theodore Roosevelt's secret orders to Commodore Dewey

D. Led to the surprising U.S. victory over Spain at Manila Spain

The Boxer Rebellion that attempted to
drive all foreigners out of China

A. Brought American armed forces onto the Asian mainland for the first time

McKinley's decision to keep the Philippines

H. Enhanced American national pride and made the United States an international power in the Far East

Colombia's refusal to permit the United States to build a canal across its province of Panama

J. Led President Roosevelt to encourage a revolt for Panamanian independence

The Spanish-American War

I. Set off a bitter debate about imperialism in the Senate and the country

In the Venezuelan boundary conflict, which nation—Britain or Venezuela—gained more of the
disputed territory in the final settlement?

Britain

What two prime naval harbors did the United States acquire in (a) Samoa and (b) in Hawaii?

Apia Harbor and Pearl Harbor

Which of the two Spanish-owned Caribbean islands conquered by the United States in 1898 was
farthest from Florida?

Puerto Rico

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