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hinduism

as a term; a misnomer...term used by outsiders to describe a group of complex religious systems. it is an umbrella term.

sanantana dharma

eternal religion

dharma

can mean duty and is a holistic approach to social coherence and the good of all

brahman

underlying divine reality, ultimately one, manifests itself in multiple forms

vedas

foundational religious test of sanatana dharma

vedas part 1

the rig veda

vedas other 3 parts

various hymns, sacred sounds

shruti

heard texts

brahmanas

directions about performances of the ritual sacrifices to the deities

aranyakas

forest treatises by sages who went to the forest to meditate

upanishads

philosophical teachings of highly realized spiritual masters

rishis

ancient sages

rishis

the vedas are not thought to be written by humans but rather it is believed that they were heard by the ____

rig veda

the ____ is the oldes vedic scripture

devas

controlling forces in the cosmos; indra, agni, soma

indra

god of thunder and rain

agni

god of fire

soma

god associated with a sacred drink

the upanishads

last of the vedas; roughly dating between 600-400bce term means to sit down near and implies this is knowledge learned at the feet of a spiritual master

samsara

cycle of life and death and rebirth

karma

actions and the energies generated by action

moksha

the ultimate goal release from bondage of karma

dharma

sacred obligation. duty

mahabharata

an ancient epic poem in the Gita the 18th book

bhagavad gita

translates as song of the supreme exalted one

brahmin

priests

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