Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
The provision in Article 1 Section 8of the U. S. Conctitution that give Congress the power to regulate the interstate commerce
due process clause
The provisions of the fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution that guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Similar clauses are found in most state constitutions
equal protection clause
The provision in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution that guarantees that no state will "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." This clause mandates that state governments treat similarly situatted individuals in a similar manner
The provision in the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution that prohibits Congress from creating any law "respecting an establishment of religion."
federal form of government
A system of government in which the states form a union and the sovereign power is divided between a central government and the member states.
A computer program that includes a pattern through which data are passed. When designed to block access to certain Web sites, the pattern blocks the retrieval of a site whose URL or key words are on a list within the program.
free exercise clause
The provision in the Fist Amendment to the U. S. Constitution that prohibits Congress from making any law "prohibiting the free exercise" or religion.
full faith and credit clause
A clause in Article IV, Section 1, of the Constitution that provides that "Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, Records, and Judicial Proceedings of every ofther State". The clause ensures that rights established under deeds, wills, contract, and the like in one state will be honored by the other states and that any judicial decision with respect to such property rights will be honored and enforced in all states.
Words inserted into a Web site's key-words feild to increase the site's appearance in search engine results.
Powers that possessed by states as a part of their inherent sovereignty. These powers ay be exercised to protect or promote the public order, health, safety, morals adn general welfare.
The right of a federal law or regulation to preclude enforcement of a state or local law or regulation.
privileges and imunities clause
Special rights and exceptions provided by law. Article IV, Sction 2 of the Constitution requires states not to discriminate against one another's citizens. A resident of one state cannot be treated as an alien when in another state; he or she may not be denied such provileges and immunities as legal protection, access to courts, travel rights and property rights
Reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranting certain actions, such as the search or arrest of a person