Francois Toussanit l' Overture
Mexican priest and revolutionary. Although the revolt he initiated (1810) against Spanish rule failed, he is regarded as a national hero in Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain.
Jose Maria Morelos
Mexican priest and former student of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, he led the forces fighting for Mexican independence until he was captured and executed in 1814.
The most important military leader in the struggle for independence in South America. Born in Venezuela, he led military forces there and in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Jose de San Martin
South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru.
He was the fifth President of the United States. He is the author of the Monroe Doctrine. Proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars.
Agustin de Iturbide
King John VI of Portugal
Son of the Portugal King that ruled Brazil and declared it independent in 1822.
Political philosophy that favors limited government with minimal regulation and governmental interference in the economy and other aspects of social life. In general, conservatives favor giving power to state and local governments rather than to the national government.
An economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market and the gold standard.
The doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals.
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social class.
Representatives of the Spanish monarch in Spain's colonial empire.
descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status.
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory.
Groups in Latin America that blend African ancestry with white and Indian ancestry.
The capital of Cuba.
The capital and largest city of Mexico is a political and cultural and commercial and industrial center.
Capital and largest city and economic center of Peru.