A cave site in southern France in the Dordogne region, discovered accidentally in 1940, where what is regarded as the best examples of Prehistoric cave art were found.
Site of caves in northern Spain containing some of the best known examples of prehistoric cave painting.
An area in southern France and northern Spain that is rich in cave paintings from the Magdalenian period (16,000 BCE to 9,000 BCE).
Marcelino de Sautuolo
founder of the caves
Symphathetic Magic Theory
The belief in the power of man-made images. Prehistoric art may have been made so that what happened in real life could be controlled by what was depicted in the images painted on cave walls.
Multiplication of Game Theory
A possible purpose for the cave paintings which suggested the magical power images may have had to ensure the continued reproduction of animals. By depicting the animals as pregnant, hunters could be assured of a continuing food supply.
Undeciphered symbols painted on cave walls in relation to the naturalistic depiction of animals. Thought to have magical purposes.
Woman from Willendorf
artifact for fertility not a goddess
The ability to reproduce and bear offspring; a primary concern that dominated or at least was a significant part of the religions of hunting and agricultural peoples.
Paleolithic Era Slide 1
Bison with Turned Head
Habitation areas protected by overhanging rock formations that replaced deep cave shelters when the climate grew warmer during the Mesolithic era around 7000 BCE.
Mesolithic Era Slide 1
Literally "big stones." Some Neolithic stones reached a height of 17 feet and weighed as much as fifty tons. "Megalithic" refers to the culture which produced them.
Neolithic tomb structures constructed of two upright megalithic stones capped with a covering slab.
Large stones set up either singly or often in parallel rows consisting of thousands of stones.
A circle of upright monolithic stones. Stonehenge is a cromlech.
Carbon 14 dating
A method of dating biological artifacts which determines the amount of decay of its carbon 14 atoms.
The monolith set outside the stone circle of Stonehenge along an axis which marked the rising of the sun on June 21st the mid-summer solstice.
The fifty-six evenly spaced holes found inside the inner ring of Stonehenge that may have marked lunar eclipses every 19, 19 and 18 years.
Post & lintel system
A basic building principle in which two vertical uprights support a horizontal beam or slab.
A conventionalization for depicting scenes or events using horizontal lines or bands to help to organize and clarify what is being depicted.
A town in the Jordan River valley where, evidence has been found for the rise of agriculture around 6000 BCE, and thus the beginnings of the Neolithic Revolution.
Neolithic site in modern-day Turkey which shows a concern for defense and where the first-known landscape was found.
Neolithic Era Slide 1
Plaster Skull from Jericho
Be caregul with names
Neolithic Era Slide 2
Landscape with Volcanic Eruption
Neolithic Era Slide 3
Neolithic Era Slide 4
Old Stone Age 30,000 - 8,000 BCE (France & Spain) Hungting
Middle Stone Age 8,000 - 6,000 BCE (Ancient Near East No Europe & Spain) Gathering
New Stone Age 6,000 - 3,500 BCE Domestication