← The Gilded Age Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Crédit Mobilier
- William McKinley
- Grover Cleveland
- Ulysses S. Grant
- a Scandalous company created by Union Pacific Railroad insiders, it distributed shares of its stock to Congressmen to avoid detection
- b Stalwart Republican President who took office in 1897; promised to uphold the gold standard; industrialists threatened to shut down factories if he was not elected; assassinated by Leon Czolgosz
- c Detective agency that hunted down violent union strikers like the Molly Maguires, and gathered evidence to have them prosecuted
- d Democrat President; took office in 1885 and 1893; doubled the number of federal jobs requiring exams; refused to use federal resources to assist the unemployed during the depression of the 1890s.
- e Scandals during this President's administration include Crédit Mobilier, the Whiskey Ring, Gould and Fiske's attempt to corner the gold market, and Secretary of War William Belknap's bribe-taking from Indian reservation suppliers.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Near Pittsburgh 1892; Henry Clay Frick announces wage cut; workers strike; Frick institutes lockout and hires scabs and strikebreakers; state militia ends strike violently
- Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service commission so that hiring and promotion would be based on exam scores rather than patronage.
- Organization founded by Oliver H. Kelley that helped improve the lives of isolated farmers
- people who oppose all forms of organized government
- Half-breed Republican President; took office in 1881; assassinated for refusing to give away government jobs
5 True/False Questions
Whiskey Ring → Chicago 1886; local craft unions; peaceful strike taken over by anarchists; bomb goes off near police who end strike violently
Half-breeds → Republicans who favored civil service reform
Knights of Labor → State laws enacted in the Midwest in the 1870s that regulated rates charged by railroads
Farmers' Alliance → Detective agency that hunted down violent union strikers like the Molly Maguires, and gathered evidence to have them prosecuted
Kickbacks → In order to receive construction contracts in big cities in the late 1800s, contractors had to pay these to political bosses