5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Homestead Strike
- Tammany Hall
- a organizations in which groups of farmers pool their resources to buy and sell goods
- b In order to receive construction contracts in big cities in the late 1800s, contractors had to pay these to political bosses
- c Republicans who strongly defended the spoils and patronage system
- d Near Pittsburgh 1892; Henry Clay Frick announces wage cut; workers strike; Frick institutes lockout and hires scabs and strikebreakers; state militia ends strike violently
- e The Democratic Party political machine of the late 1860s and early 1870s in New York City headed by William Marcy Tweed that used graft, bribery, and rigged elections to rob the city of over $200 million in tax money.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Detective agency that hunted down violent union strikers like the Molly Maguires, and gathered evidence to have them prosecuted
- Scandals during this President's administration include Crédit Mobilier, the Whiskey Ring, Gould and Fiske's attempt to corner the gold market, and Secretary of War William Belknap's bribe-taking from Indian reservation suppliers.
- During the Grant administration, a group of officials were importing whiskey and using their offices to avoid paying the taxes on it, cheating the treasury out of millions of dollars.
- Republicans who favored civil service reform
- Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service commission so that hiring and promotion would be based on exam scores rather than patronage.
5 True/False Questions
Knights of Labor → Under the leadership of Terrence V. Powderly, this union included both skilled and unskilled workers, women, and African Americans, but not Chinese
James Garfield → Half-breed Republican President; took office in 1881; assassinated for refusing to give away government jobs
socialists → Republicans who strongly defended the spoils and patronage system
Populist party → Farmers, reformers and labor leaders formed this political party in the elections of 1892 and 1896
Granger laws → State laws enacted in the Midwest in the 1870s that regulated rates charged by railroads