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The Gilded Age Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Crédit Mobilier
  2. William McKinley
  3. Grover Cleveland
  4. Ulysses S. Grant
  5. Pinkerton's
  1. a Scandalous company created by Union Pacific Railroad insiders, it distributed shares of its stock to Congressmen to avoid detection
  2. b Stalwart Republican President who took office in 1897; promised to uphold the gold standard; industrialists threatened to shut down factories if he was not elected; assassinated by Leon Czolgosz
  3. c Detective agency that hunted down violent union strikers like the Molly Maguires, and gathered evidence to have them prosecuted
  4. d Democrat President; took office in 1885 and 1893; doubled the number of federal jobs requiring exams; refused to use federal resources to assist the unemployed during the depression of the 1890s.
  5. e Scandals during this President's administration include Crédit Mobilier, the Whiskey Ring, Gould and Fiske's attempt to corner the gold market, and Secretary of War William Belknap's bribe-taking from Indian reservation suppliers.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Near Pittsburgh 1892; Henry Clay Frick announces wage cut; workers strike; Frick institutes lockout and hires scabs and strikebreakers; state militia ends strike violently
  2. Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service commission so that hiring and promotion would be based on exam scores rather than patronage.
  3. Organization founded by Oliver H. Kelley that helped improve the lives of isolated farmers
  4. people who oppose all forms of organized government
  5. Half-breed Republican President; took office in 1881; assassinated for refusing to give away government jobs

5 True/False Questions

  1. Whiskey RingChicago 1886; local craft unions; peaceful strike taken over by anarchists; bomb goes off near police who end strike violently


  2. Half-breedsRepublicans who favored civil service reform


  3. Knights of LaborState laws enacted in the Midwest in the 1870s that regulated rates charged by railroads


  4. Farmers' AllianceDetective agency that hunted down violent union strikers like the Molly Maguires, and gathered evidence to have them prosecuted


  5. KickbacksIn order to receive construction contracts in big cities in the late 1800s, contractors had to pay these to political bosses


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