National Origins Act of 1924
This act set a specific percentage of people from certain countries that were allowed to live in the U.S. This act sought to reduce immigration from certain countries-- mostly southern and eastern European countries, and almost all Asian countries.
(Chapter 9, page 274)
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian immigrants who were put on trial for bank robbery and murder, but it was clear during the trial that their political beliefs about anarchy played a part in convincing the judge they were guilty, whether they had really committed those crimes or not.
(Chapter 9, page 275)
This country experienced a violent revolution in 1917, which led to a communist takeover by Vladimir Lenin.
Refers to the widespread fear of communism. It affected the U.S. by creating government officials who worked to further the fear in the people by leading raids on suspected radicals and accusing anyone against the U.S. government of being a communist.
This was an agreement signed by over 60 nations after World War 1; it was an agreement to reject war as a way of solving international disputes. (Chapter 9, page 287)