A&P CH 2 CHEMISTRY

39 terms by KarenSherman 

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ENZYMES

special enzymes that control chemical reactions

ATOM

the smallest piece of an element

ELEMENT

when 2 alike atoms join together it creates this.

KINETIC ENERGY

energy in motion, ex;dancing

MOLECULE

the smallest unit of a compound

CHEMICAL BOND

when 2 atoms share an electron

WATER

is a compound

GLYCOGEN

stored sugar in liver and cells for energy

NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM

contains neutrons and protons

LIPIDS

fats

TRIGLYCERIDES

fats

HYDROCHLORIC ACID

the strong acid found in the stomach that chemically breaks down food

ALKALINE OR BASE

pH of 7.1-14

ACID

pH of 0-6.9

NEUTRALIZATION

when a high acid solution is mixed with an alkaline (base) the pH level becomes 7 (neutral)

DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS

when a molecule of H2O is lost.

BONE

solid matter in the body

BLOOD

liquid matter in the body

MATTER

cannot be created or destroyed, and occupies space and has mass.

POTENTIAL ENERGY

energy stored in the cells, example; when watching TV

CARBON

in all organic compounds

INORGANIC COMPOUNDS

does not have carbon

CHOLESTEROL

a lipid that can clog arteries

POLYSACCARIDES

a sugar chain with many carbon molecules

MONOSACCARIDE

a sugar chain with 1 carbon molecules

DISACCARIDE

a sugar chain with 2 carbon molecules

PROTONS

have a positive charge, found in the nucleus

K+

potassium

BIOCHEMISTRY

the study of chemical reaction in living things

HOMEOSTASIS

how our bodies try to maintain balance

Ca

calcium

Na+

sodium

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

RNA

ribonucleic acid

NaCl

sodium chlorine, aka table salt

NaHCO3

sodium bicarb, baking soda

C12H22O11

table sugar

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