Usage 2 (Pages 916-917)

47 terms by jmweiland 

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etc.

etc. or and etc.: means "and the rest"

and etc.

etc. or and etc.: redundant

and/or

and, or, and/or: indicates three options: one or the other or both; if you mean all three options, it is appropriate

and

and, or, and/or: means both

or

and, or, and.or: means either

and which, and who

two options that are only correct when used to introduce a second clause beginning with the same relative pronoun; otherwise and is not needed

ante-

ante- or anti-: means "before"

anti-

ante- or anti-: means "against;" needs a hyphen if used before a capital letter or i

anxious

anxious or eager: means "nervous or worried" and is usually followed by about

eager

anxious or eager: means "looking forward" and is usually followed by to

anybody

anybody or any body: indefinite pronoun

any body

anybody or any body: a noun modified by any

anyone

anyone or any one: indefinite pronoun

any one

anyone or any one: a pronoun or adjective modified by any

any more

any more or anymore: means "no more"; used in negative constructions

anymore

any more or anymore: means "now"; used in negative constructions

anyplace

colloquial for anywhere

anyways

nonstandard for anyway

anywheres

nonstandard for anywhere

apt, likely

apt, liable, or likely: interchangeable

apt

apt, liable, or likely: means, "having a tendency to"

likely

apt, liable, or likely: means, "probably going to"

liable

apt, liable, or likely: normally means "in danger of" and should be confined to situations with undesirable consequences; strictly means "responsible" or "exposed to"

are

are or is: used with a plural subject

is

are or is: used with a singular subject

as

substituting for because, since, or while; may be vague or ambiguous; should never be used as a substitute for whether or who

as and then

in comparisons, precede a subjective-case pronoun when the pronoun is a subject; precede an object-case pronoun when the pronoun is an object

assure

assure, ensure, or insure: means "to promise"

ensure, insure

assure, ensure, or insure: often used interchangeably to mean "make certain"

ensure

assure, ensure, or insure: used for more general meanings

insure

assure, ensure, or insure: some reserve it for matters of legal and financial protection

as to

a stuffy substitute for about

at

use of this word after where is wordy and should be avoided

at this point in time

wordy now, at this point, or at this time

awful

awful or awfully: means, "awe-inspiring"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing

awfully

awful or awfully: means "very" or "extremely"; should be avoided in formal speech or writing

a while

a while or awhile: an article and a noun; can serve as the object of a preposition but cannot modify a verb

awhile

a while or awhile: an adverb; can modify a verb but cannot serve as the object of a preposition

bad

bad or badly: should be used only as an adjective

badly

bad or badly: adverb

being as, being that

2 phrases that are colloquial for because, the preferable word in formal speech or writing

beside

beside or besides: a preposition meaning "next to"

besides

beside or besides: a preposition meaning "except" or "in addition"

had better

better or had better: means "ought to" and is a verb modified b an adverb; the verb is necessary and should not be omitted

bring

bring or take: used only for movement from a farther place to a nearer one

take

bring or take: used for any other movement (besides from a farther place to a nearer one)

bunch

in formal speech writing, this as a noun should be used only to refer to clusters of things growing or fastened together, such as bananas or grapes; its use to mean a group of items or people is colloquial; crowd or group is preferable

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