ABA test 1-ch 7

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discriminative stimulus (Sd)

An antecedent stimulus that is present when a behavior is reinforced is called a(n) _____

S-delta

an antecedent stimulus that is present when a behavior is not reinforced is called a(n) _____

stimulus control

____ is when a behavior is more likely to occur in the presence of a specific antecedent stimulus

when a behavior is reinforced only in the presence of a particular antecedent stimulus

How do you develop stimulus control?

discriminative stimulus, response, and reinforcer

what are the 3 components of a three-term contingency?

stimulus discrimination training

in ____, you reinforce a behavior when the Sd is present and do not reinforce the behavior when the S-delta is present.

Mother being around. Father being around. getting a cookie. positive

when Teddy asks for cookies, and his is told he cant have any, he screams. when he screams, his mom eventually gives him a cookie. however, his dad never gives him a cookies when he screams. as a result, Teddy is more likely to scream for a cookie when his mom is around. what is the Sd? s-delta? reinforcer? positive or negative reinforcement for screaming?

it is more likely to occur

as a result of discrimination training, what happens in the future when an Sd is present?

S-delta

in discrimination training, the behavior is not reinforced when the ____ is present.

when a clerk is in sight. when a clerk is not in sight

Marianne steal candy in the store when a clerk is not in sight because she gets away with it. she does not steal candy when a clerk is in sight because she does not get away with it. Sd for stealing candy? S-delta?

when the professor provides an example of reinforcement. when the professor provides an example of another behavioral principle.

Farley says "reinforcement" when the professor provides an example of reinforcement. He does not say "reinforcement" when the professor provides an example of some other behavioral principle. Sd for saying "reinforcement"? S-delta?

discrimination training

Stimulus control develops through the process of ______

similar

Generalization takes place when the behavior occurs in the presence of stimuli that are _____to the Sd

cries at home. cries at school

when patty hears thunder at school, she cries and her classmates ignore her. when patty hears thunder at home, she cries and her parents hold her and comfort her. as a result, she cries at home but not at school when she hears thunder. Sd for crying when she hears thunder? S-delta?

generalization

If patty cried when she heard thunder at her grandparent's house, we would say that _____ had occured

event that precede an operant response

what is an antecedent stimulus?

A behavior continues to occur in situations in which it has been reinforced in the past, and stops occurring in situations in which it had not been reinforced or has been punished in the past

What does it mean when we say the the effects of reinforcement are situation-specific?

there is an increased probability that the behavior will occur in the presence of a specific antecedent stimulus or a stimulus from a specific stimulus class

what happens when a behavior is under stimulus control?

Sd. the rat is more likely to press the lever when the light is on

A hungry rat presses a lever and gets food only when a green light is on. what is the green light? what will happen to rat's behavior of pressing the lever in the future?

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