Storm and stress view
G Stanley Hall concept that adolescence is a turbulent time charged with conflict and mood swings.
view that adolescence is a sociohidtorical creation. At beginning of 20th century legislation ensured the dependency of youth and made their move into the economic sphere more manageable.
whatever variable looked at is influenced by the GENERATION the subject is part of and any historical, social influences that is going oaround them. ex: ease that this generation has with technology.
the generation born after 1980. The first to come of age in the new millenium. two characteristics- 1. ethnic diversity 2. connection to technology.
generalization that reflects our impressions and beliefs about a broad group of people.
adolescent generalization gap
Adelson's concept of generalizations about ado. based on info regarding a limited, often highly visible group of ado.
Positive Youth Developement
PYD- the positive psychological approach. Jacqueline Lerner
Lerner's 5 C's
Competence, Confidence, Connection, CHaracter, Caring/ Compassion
the settings in which development occurs. These settings are influenced by historical, economic, social, and cultural factors.
national government's course of action designed to influence the welfare of its citizens.
pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life span. Most dev. involves growth, although it also includes decay.
physical changes in an ind. body
changes in an ind thinking and intelligence
changes in an ind personality, emotions, relationships with other people, and social contexts
Periods of development
1. Childhood 2. Adolescence 3. Adulthood
1. Prenatal Period 2. Infancy 3. Early childhood 4. middle and late childhood
1. Early ado. 2. Late ado.
1. early adulthood 2. late adulthood
developmental period occuring from app. 18 to 25 yrs of age. This transitional period between ado and adulthood is characterized by experimentation and exploration.
Adapting positively and achieving succesful outcomes in the face of significant risks and adverse circumstances.
nature -nurture issue
issue involving the debate about whether dev. is primarily influenced by an organism's biological inheritance (nature) or by its enviromental experiences (nurture).
issue regarding whether dev involves gradual, cumalative change (continuity)(trees) or distinct stages (discontinuity)(butterfly).
early-later experience issue
issue focusing on the degree to which early experiences (especially early in childhood) or later experiences are the key determinants of deve.
an interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps explain phenomena and make predicions.
specific assertions and predictions that can be tested.
theories that describe developmetn as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion.
Theory that involves eight stages of human development. Each stage consists of a unique dev. task that confronts individuals with a crisis that must be faced.
theory stating that children actively construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitive development.
Piaget's 4 cognitive development stages
1. sensorimotor 2. preoperational 3. concrete operational 4. formal operational
sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and social interactionguide cognitive dev
theory emphasizing that individuals manipulate info, monitor it, and stratigize about it. memory and thinking
Bandura's social cognitive theory
theory emphasizing in reciprical influences of behavior, enviroment, and person/ cognitive factors
Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory
theory focusing on the influence of five enviromental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, chronosystem
eclectic theoretical orientation
orientation that does not follow any one theoretical approach but rather selects from each theory whatever is considered the best in it.
observation of behavior in real-world setttings