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A watertight covering, called a(n)________ , made it possible for
plants to live in drier habitats

cuticle

Pores called ______enable plants to exchange oxygen and
carbon dioxide

Stomata

A pair of specialized cells called _____
borders each stoma

guard cells

tissue that contains soft-walled conducting
cells that transport organic nutrients

phloem

tissue that contains hard-walled conducting
cells that transport water and mineral nutrients

xylem

the part of a plant that grows upward

shoot

the part of a plant that grows downward

root

zones of actively dividing plant cells

meristems

All nonvascular plants are small and relatively simple

true

The sporophytes of nonvascular plants are larger than the gametophytes

false

Nonvascular plants do not have true roots; rhizoids anchor the
gametophytes to the surfaces on which they grow.

true

Eggs and sperm of nonvascular plants form in separate structures, which
are often on separate plants.

true

Sporophytes of nonvascular plants grow on the gametophytes and depend
on them for nutrients

true

Seedless vascular plants have horizontal underground stems called [roots / rhizomes].

rhizomes

Seedless vascular plants have a vascular system with [xylem and phloem / xylem]

xylem and phloem

The much smaller [gametophyte / sporophyte] of seedless vascular plants develops on
or below the surface of the soil.

gametophyte

Seedless vascular plants without roots and leaves are called [whisk ferns / horsetails].

whisk ferns

The sporophytes of [ferns / club mosses] have a rhizome that is anchored by roots and
leaves called fronds.

ferns

. In some species of [club mosses / ferns], clusters of nongreen spore-bearing leaves
form a structure called a cone.

club mosses

The flowers of some angiosperms are adapted for wind pollination

True

The primary function of a fruit is to nourish a plant embryo.

F

The seeds of an angiosperm have a supply of stored food, called
endosperm, at some time during their development.

True

The purpose of flowers is to prevent self-pollination.

F

Wheat, corn, rice, and lawn grasses are dicots.

F

Plants that produce leaves with parallel veins are monocots

T

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