Transition Metal Colors

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pale green

Fe 2+

yellow/brown

Fe 3+

blue

Cr 2+

green

Cr 3+

pale pink

Mn 2+

brown

Mn 4+

dark green

Mn 6+

purple

Mn 7+

pink

Co 2+

orange/yellow

Co 3+

colorless

Cu 1+

blue

Cu 2+

dark purple -> pale pink

MnO4-(aq) -> Mn2+(aq)

orange -> green

Cr2O72-(aq) -> Cr3+(aq)

red

Li+, Sr 2+, Ca 2+ (flame)

yellow/orange

Na+ (flame)

lilac

K+ (flame)

green

Ba 2+ (flame)

blue-green

Cu 2+ (flame)

white

AgCl (PPT)

white

BaSO4 (PPT)

white

Many nontransition metal hydroxides (PPT)

white

Many nontransition metal carbonates (PPT)

white

Many nontransition metal sulfates (PPT)

blue

Many Cu (II) (PPT)

yellow

AgI (PPT)

yellow

PbI2 (PPT)

black

Many sulfides

green

Many Fe (II) (PPT)

red/brown

Many Fe (III) (PPT)

colorless

Sc 3+

violet

Ti 3+

colorless

Ti 4+

violet

V 2+

green

V 3+

yellow

V 5+

yellow (CrO4-)/orange (Cr2O72-)

Cr 6+

green

Ni 2+

colorless

Zn 2+

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