analyze the rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarianism
Primitive totalitarianism is found in the structure of war communism in which Lenin promoted during his reign as leader of the Bolsheviks (later the Communists). As war communism proved to harm the economy and the standard of living for the average people of Russia, Lenin adopted the New Economic Policy to ratify change. Stalin reversed this progressing thought, however, by enforcing upon a command economy, the basis of totalitarianism. As that proved to better the economy, he started to put peasant farms under total government control in collectives, assuming it would gain much way in the growing industry of Russia. The aggression of this system is proved through the dramatic events of the Stalin-enforced Great Purge, the slaughter and unfair trials of suspected revolutionaries. Stalin's control over industry and agriculture paved the way for an age of totalitarian control in which the state depended heavily upon terror and propaganda to maintain state control. Also, Stalin attempted to rid the state of any religion besides atheism.
Causes of the Russian Rev.
-widespread discontent among all classes
-agitation from revolutionaries
-weak leadership of czar Nicholas II
-(1905) defeat in Russo-Japanese war & Bloody Sunday
--(1915) Loses in WW1 & strikes/riots
Consequences of the Russian Rev.
-civil war (1918-1920)
-end of Romanov family and czarist rule
-peace with Germany with the Brist - Litovsk Treaty
-Bolshevik control of gov.
-Russian economy in ruins (though Lenin advocates NEP)
Lenin during Rev.
While he was in exile for spreading Marxist ideas with his wife around Russia, Germany, while still in the war against Russia, helped this revolutionary leader corrupt Russia. Shortly after, the Bolsheviks, with returning leader Lenin, fought in squads of Red Guards against the Whites at the Winter Palace where the provisional gov. was holding a meeting. Under Lenin, Russia signed the Brist-Litosvsk Treaty with Russia to end the war. During the civil war, troops from the Allies came in to fight against the Whites. Then, after many counterrevolutionaries attempted to assassin Lenin, the Communists, with their capital in Moscow, launched a reign of terror. They organized the Cheka, secret police, and executed ordinary citizens with tiny suspicions of going against revolution. Lenin and his followers then proceeded to kill the czar and his children to take away the symbol of will for the Whites. Lenin than enforced war communism.
Stalin and his policies
Stalin set out to make Russia one of the biggest industrial powers. He developed a command economy in which every basic economic decision had to be made by the gov (economic policy). With these new systems, peasants hardly got anything back in return for their farm-work was directly transferred into profit and nothing for themselves, their work being totally under the power of the gov (systematic violations). He also set out to enforce collectivization as his key to industry (political policies)