Pharmacology Chapter 20 -23

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Any substance yielding hydroxide ions. Has a pH of <7.

ALKALINE SUBSTANCE

Any substance with a hydrogen ion that is released and reacts with metal. Has a pH of >7.

ACIDIC SUBSTANCE

Compound that contains carbon.

ORGANIC COMPOUND

Compound that does NOT contain carbon.

INORGANIC COMPOUND

Alternative medicine that has been proved effective by scientific research.

COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE

Remedies for illnesses passed down from generation to generation.

FOLK MEDICINE

A substance with a hydrogen ion that is released in a solution and reacts with metals to form a salt or is a solution which has a pH below 7.

ACID

An inorganic solid substance which is usually a component of the Earth's crust

MINERAL

Lack of Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

PELLAGRA

Causes skin eruptions, stomatitis, GI disturbances, and seizures as a result of poor diet, alcoholism, or any other disease which impairs nutrition (commonly seen in a corn maize diet)

PELLAGRA

A liquid in which substance are dissolved

SOLVENT

Substance dissolved in a solution or body fluids

SOLUTE

Chemical compound resulting from the interaction and a base of NaCl

SALT

Organic substance necessary in trace amount for normal growth, development, metabolism, and for the release of energy from food.

VITAMIN

Aids with eyesight and visual adaptation to light, also needed for functional integrity of skin, mucous membranes, and normal growth of teeth and bones.

VITAMIN A

What vitamin helps the absorption of calcium

VITAMIN D

What vitamin is an Antioxidant, and protects RBCs from hemolysis

VITAMIN E

what vitamin synthesis of blood clotting factor.

VITAMIN K

The vitamin which is highly teratogenic in large doses.

VITAMIN A

The vitamin which require sunlight to be effective.

VITAMIN D

Deficiency in the vitamin leads to rickets.

VITAMIN D

Another term for Vitamin A (remember, a deficiency leads to night blindness)

RETINOL

Water Soluble Vitamins

B1, B3, B9, B12, and C

Fat Soluble Vitamins

A, D, E, and K

Herb used to treat respiratory tract infection

ECHINACEA

Herb used for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

SAW PALMETTO

Herb used or Nausea and Vomiting

GINGER

Herb used for digestive, lowers cholesterol, decreases Blood Pressure

GARLIC

Herb used to Enhances memory

GINGKO

Herbs that helps with migraines

FEVERFEW

Herbs that helps with depression

ST JOHNS WART

Plant that helps with Burns and insect bites

ALOE

Herb that helps to Boost energy, increase circulation.

CAYENNE

Is thought to hide illicit drugs, and help with diarrhea.

GOLDEN SEEAL

Herbs that helps with fatigue, stress, depression

GINSENG

Herbs that helps hyperglycemia and is antioxidant

CINNAMON

Electrolytes are....

1. Potassium
2. Chloride
3. Iron
4. Calcium
5. Fluoride
6. Zinc
7. Phosphorous
8. Sodium

An electrolyte that is Intracellular fluid (Circle K)

POTASSIUM

An electrolyte that is a component of gastric acid (HCL hydrochloric acid)

CHLORIDE

An electrolyte component of blood hemoglobin

IRON

An electrolyte that helps builds Bone formation and heart muscle muscle function

CALCIUM

An electrolyte that protects against dental caries/cavities

FLUORIDE

An electrolyte component of DNA/RNA and needed for taste/smell

ZINC

An electrolyte For cellular energy (ATP)

PHOSPHOROUS

Originates outside of an organ

EXOGENOUS

Originates within a cell or organ

ENDOGENOUS

Enlargement of thyroid gland

GOITER

Increased blood sugar

HYPERGLYCEMIA

Decreased blood sugar

HYPOGLYCEMIA

Defective metabolism of fat

LIPODYSTROPHY

Substance that originates in an organ or a gland then secreats into the body

HORMONE

GH, TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH

ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES

ADN, Oxytocin

POSTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES

Deficiency of growth hormone results in what?

DWARFISM

Excessive growth hormone results in what for an adult is called?

ACROMEGALLY

Excessive growth hormone results in what for a child is call what?

GIANTISM

Drug given to children with growth hormone deficiency.

PROTROPIN

Growth hormone inhibitor drug.

SANDOSTATIN

Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland and causes hyperthyroidism.

GRAVES

Autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid and is most common cause of hypothyroidism

HASHIMOTO DISEASE

Alpha cells

GLUCAGON

Beta cells

INSULIN

A childhood onset. Attacks the beta cells of the pancreas.

TYPE I INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS

Insulant resistant disorder

TYPE II NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELITUS

This gland has iodine

THYROID

The medication used for Type II Diabetees

GLUCOTROL, GLYBURIDE/GLUCOPHAGE

A quick acting Insulin is...

LISPRO-HUMALOG

Short acting insulin is...

REGULAR INSULIN

Intermediate action insulin

NPH Insulin

Long acting Insulin

LANTUS

A hormone that stimulates the growth of almost all tissues and organs.

GROWTH HORMONE (GH)

A hormone that acts on the Thyroid gland to promote the synthesis and release of thyroid hormone

THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)

Stimulates milk production and secretion after birth.

PROLACTIN

A hormone that promotes follicular growth in the ovaries and spermatogenesis in the testes.

FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH)

A hormone that promotes ovulation and the development of the corpus luteum in the female, and acts on the testes to promote androgen (testosterone) production in the male.

LUTEINING HORMONE (LH)

A hormone that acts on the adrenal cortex to promote the synthesis and release of adrenocortical hormones.

ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ADH)

This Vitamin is essential to normal functioning of the nervous system.

VITAMIN B1(Thiamine)

A B1 deficiency

Beri-Beri

A vitamin the promotes the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and the synthesis of DNA.

VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)

Which Vitamin B deficiency causes changes in the cornea causing visual disturbance and photophobia.

VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)

Which Vitamin B deficiency causes Pellagra.

VITAMIN B3

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