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salvation history

saving action of God through human history

covenant

solemn promise made between 2 parties; testament

Pharisees

most influential religions sect during the lifetime of Jesus; well-education religious leaders that focused on keeping the Jews faithful to the law; also acknowledged the oral traditions of the elders

Sadducees

didn't believe in anything that wasn't mentioned in the Torah; many actively worked as Romans; wealthy, conservative, and apart of the aristocratic ruling class

Scribes

interpreters and teachers of the law most closely affiliated with the Pharisees, but also associated with the Sadducees; weren't a religious party, Jewish scholars who assisted in writing and telling Jews about their religious traditions

Essenes

withdrew completely from the world and political activity to prepare for the imminent coming of God; typically acoided all contact with foreign cultures and followed the Law of Moses to the last detail

zealots

formed a rebellious movement of militant Jews who yearned and battled for the recovery of Jewish independence; considered the acceptance of foreign government and subsequent payment of taxes to Rome as blasphemy against God

hellenistic

Greek influence

tradition

living and authentic transmission of the teachings of Jesus in the Church

biblical inspiration

process by which God the Holy Spirit assisted a human author in writing a book of the Bible; the truth that he willed us to know was conveyed without error

Epicureans

promoted the ideas that pleasure of the mind is to contemplate the pleasure of the body, the safest social pleasure was friendship, and if gods did exist, they didn't become involved in human affairs

Cynics

believed that all pleasures of life were evil and should be scorned; advocated returning to a simple, natural lifestyle

stoicism

evolved from cynism; believed that all life is part of a single system called nature and that life is good when one is in harmony with nature

divine revelation

God's communicating of himself and his plan of goodness throughout history

biblical exegesis

explanation or critical interpretation of a passage of sacred Scripture

kerygma

"proclamation"; included miracles and parables of Jesus' ministry; the message that involved Jesus' life- his deeds, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension

didache

"teaching"; reinforced the living message within the kerygma

liturgia

"Christian worship"; recalls key events such as the teachings and prayers of Jesus

Q document

hypothetical source believed to consist mainly of the sayings of Jesus; used by Gospel of Matthew and Luke

Synoptic Gospels

Matthew, Mark, and Luke

evangelists

The Gospel writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; told stories of Jesus to uncover what was at the center of the religious encounter of the community with God

infancy narratives

recorded stories in the Gospels of Jesus' conception, birth, and early years

YHWH

"Yahweh"; Hebrew name for God

beatitudes

Jesus' teachings about the meaning and path to true happiness; descriptions of the way to attain eternal blessedness to which God calls all of us

kingdom of Heaven

(kingdom of God/reign of God); gift of salvation and eternal life, God's rule of justice, love, and peace

Works of Mercy

Charitable acts by which we care for the physical and spiritual needs of others

discipleship

a life rooted in Jesus and the Church

Transfiguration

culminating moment in the public life of Jesus; this event points toward the Resurrection of Jesus

3-fold pattern

a writing technique, notably used in Mark, to emphasize particular subjects

3 part structure in Mark

Galilean Ministry, Journeys of Jesus, and Ministry in Jerusalem, Passion, Death, and Resurrection

Parousia

2nd coming of Christ at the end of time, when God's plan for salvation is accomplished and humanity is glorified

Shema

jewish profession of faith to love God with you whole mind, heart and soul

Gifts of the Holy Spirit

7 gifts of the Holy Spirit that strengthen us to spread and defend the faith

Anawim

Hebrew word referring to those who are materially or spiritually poor and are seeking God

8 sections of Luke

Prologue, Infancy Narrative, Preparation for the Public Ministry, Ministry in Galilee, Journey to Jerusalem, Teaching Ministry in Jerusalem, Passion Narrative, and Resurrection Narrative

Outcasts in Luke

sick, slaves, sinners and prostitutes, tax collectors, samaritans, and Women

logos

word

biblical inerrancy

freedom from error in the Bible

monotheism

belief in 1 God

polytheistic

belief in many gods

Ten Commandments

10 laws that prescribed the moral obligations for the Israelites

apostolic succession

uninterrupted succession of bishops; continuity of shepherding responsibility given by Christ to the Church leadership is realized in this line of authority

Baptism

1st Sacrament of Initiation; when a person is forgiven of original sin and united with Jesus

Gospels

all tell the Good News; present the story of easter faith rooted in the life, death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ; Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

Holy Trinity

3 Persons in 1 God; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

miracles

signs of wonder that can be attributed to God only

parables

metaphors and similes drawn from common life experiences or nature to illustrate moral or spiritual truths

Pentecost

15th day following Easter when the Holy Spirit is made present, given, and communicated as a divine Person of the Trinity

Sacrament

effective sign that conveys grace and which was est. by Jesus and given to the Church

Christ

"anointed"/ "Messiah"

Incarnation

2nd Person of the Holy Trinity who assumed a human nature and became man

Messiah

"anointed"; savior sent by God to redeem his peopl from the power of sin and everlasting death and to restore them to his friendship

blasphemy

to falsely proclaim oneself as God or falsely claim to have the attributes of God, or to insult God or his name

conversion experience

an experience that turns us toward God and away from sin and encourages us to search to understand and do what God desires of us

Eucharist

sacrament of Jesus' Body and Blood, truly and really present under the appearances of the bread and wine

Paschal Mystery

Christ's work of redemption through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension

treason

an attempt or desire to overthrow and replace the head of the government to which one owes allegiance

sin

an offense against God; any action, word, or thought contrary to God's law; weakens our relationship with God

allegories

expressions of truths or generalizations of human experiences through the use of symbolic fictional figures or actions

ecumenism

effort to strive toward unity among all Christians

canonization

official Church statement by which a person is declared to have lived a holy life of heroic virtue

civil disobedience

act of breaking a law non-violently

communion of saints

all faithful Church members on earth, in heaven, and in purgatory

martyr

Greek for "witness"; people who died for their beliefs

persecution

act of causing suffering because of a person's belief

covenant

a solemn promise, or agreement, made btw 2 parties; the word means testament

judea

province where jesus was born and died

samaria

province btw judea and galilee, inhabitants were seen as outcasts

galilee

province where jesus spent most of his life and ministry

the great majority

the majority of the jewish pop. were poor; the mission of jesus was most clearly linked to these ppl

herod the great

governor of palestine; responsible for the killing of the innocents

herod antipas

beheaded john the baptist; returned jesus to pilate

idumean jew

idumeans were forced to accept judaism when they were conquered by the hasmonaean ruler john hyrcanus

dead sea scrolls

scrolls found by the qumran riverbed; contain info abou the beliefs and lifestyles of the jewish ppl and of the essenes(the group responsible for writing and preserving them)

pax romana

the peace of rome

koine

common greek, the common language of the mediterranean world

john the baptist

baptized jesus; was beheaded by herod antipas; ppl thoguht he was the messiah

social classes at the time of jesus

consist of eight social classes which were divided into 2 economical classes: those who were rich and those who poor

cult of isis

one of the mystery cults; this cult emphasized chastity and mortality, and promised followers immortality

mystery of the trinity

the trinity as three persons: God the father(creator), God as son(redeemer), and God the H.S.(advocate)

life and teachings of jesus

the life of jesus had an incredible impact on the world; it sparked the beginnings of the eraly church and changed history. He came to reveal the truth about God, to save human kind from its sins, and to inaugurate the kingdom of God.

oral tradition

knwn as the living tradition of early ecclesial communities

written tradition

the early christian communities began to write about the life and teachings of jesus and about the ways they celebrated and followed him

four categories of miracles

miracles of healing, miracles of exorcism, miracles over nature, miracles over death

new moses

jesus presented by mathew; the teacher of the new law

five discourses

1st discourse-sermon on the mount, 2nd-missionary discourse, 3rd-parables, 4th-the community discourse, 5th-sermon on the last days

torah

genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy

the new law

the beatitudes; attitude of compassion, peace, justice, and love

geneology of jesus in matthew

traces jesus' ancestry back to abraham and david; mentions the names of 5 women: tamar, rahab, ruth, bathsheba, and mary

three temptations of jesus

first-toward material power, second-to miraculous power, third to political power

material power

turn stones into loaves of bread

miraculous power

jumping off the pinnacle of the temple and being saved by angels

political power

if jesus would've worshipped the devil he would have received all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor

eternal life

the kingdom of God is the gift of salvation, life, and _______

heaven

true happiness, eternal blessedness or holiness

hell

eternal damnation?

suffering servant messiah

image of jesus in mark; jesus' life was filled with suffering

isaiah

prophesizes jesus' coming

three call narratives

galilean ministry, journeys to jerusalem, and ministry in jerusalem. passion, death, and resurrection

apostolos

one who is sent

the messianic mystery

refers to the paradox that as the messiah jesus must suffer, die, and then be raised to glory; apostles didn't understand

the messianic secret

"as jesus heals, preaches, and teaches, he instructs his followers not to tell others about his miraculous works; mark notes that jesus cannot be full revealed until the passion, death on the cross, and resurrection

geneology of jesus in mark

none because jesus is presented as a suffering servant and servants didn't have geneologies

wealth

a story in mark, about how following the commandments alone is not enough to inherit eternal life. a person need be poor in all aspectsto inherit eternal life and enter the kingdom of heaven

blindness

discipleship is going from "_____ to seeing the light"

jesus's trial

the sanhedrin could only condemn jesus, not crucify him so they took him to pilate. Pilate asks "are you the king of the jews", jesus says "you say so", jesus is charged with treason( acrime punishable by crucifixion

gentile struggles

the gentile community had to confront the the inner obstacles that kept them from being a true community of faith.

parables

metaphors or similes drawn from common life experiences or nature to illustrate moral or spiritual truths

prodigal son

a parable, there is a loss, something is found, and there is celebration

journey to jerusalem

theme in the gospel of luke

mary

the perfect model of love, perfect disciple

mary sister of martha

sat at the foot of jesus and listened, this parable reminds us to avoid distractions

the good samaritan

jesus used this parable to criticize the use of religious excuses to ignore someone in need

ritual purity

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table fellowship

social and religious customs surrounding meals

feeding of the 5 thousand

the only one of jesus' miracles described in all four gospels

justice

giving ppl what is their due: respecting their rights, honoring their dignity ass human beings, and working to ensure that the needs and the rights of ppl are met

pre-existence

john the baptist emphasizes this; god is the word incarnate

book of signs

1st section of john; presentsthe deeds and works of jesus

book of glory

2nd section of john; presents the teachings of jesus and the events surrounding his passion, death, and resurrection

prologue of john

john the baptist emphasizes jesus's preexistence; similar to opening of genesis; jesus is the word incarnate(word made flesh)

epilogue of john

in this section, peter's role within the church is established

opposing imagery

light and darkness, life and death, etc; these allow the audience to understand that jesus and his message stand in opposition to the culture and the values of the time

I am statements

have 4 general forms: 1-jesus identifies himself with something already known to his listeners, 2-emphasize relationship btw jesus and his followers, 3-straight forward declarations, 4-self id

seven signs in john

1-water into wine, 2-heals an official's son, 3-heals a paralytic, 4- feeds 5 thousand, 5-walks on water, 6-restores sight to blind man, 7-raises lazarus from the dead

nicodemus

a pharisee and a member of the sanhedrin who underwent a gradual and slow process of conversion when he was enlightened by the light of faith

the samaritan woman

was converted into a believer through the life-giving word of jesus; the first evangelizer

woman caught in adultery

this story reinforces the importance of not judging others

last supper discourses

the spirit of truth(comfort), the vine and the branches(another i am statement), the prayer of jesus(transtion btwlast supper and arresting of jesus)

new commandment

love one another?

seamless tunic

symbolizes unity of the church

blood and water

a sign of the life-giving presence of christ and the salvation he won for us by his death and resurrection.

joseph of arimathea

along with nicodemus, prepares jesus' body and places jesus within the tomb

annas

former jewish high priest, caiaphus' father in law; it is believed jesus was taken to him for questioning before he was given to caiaphus

caiaphus

the current high priest

mary magdelene

does not enter the tomb but looks inside; doesn't believe jesus is risen until she recognizes him in the garden

mary wife of clopus

was with jesus when he died

betrayal of judas

judas turns jesus over to the sanhedrin

peter

apostle of jesus who said speeches, preached, and performed miracles

stephen

a deacon, one of the 1st martyrs, was stoned to death

philip

a deacon, 1st to bring gospel news outside or jerusalem

saul/paul

converted after he was struck down and became blind, became a preacher

council of jerusalem

a meeting in jerusalem called to resolve the growing controversy over whether gentile christians had to observe jewish law

persecution of christians

christians would be arrested or persecuted when they talked about jesus etc

the church in jerusalem

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