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1. Protists include

algae and protozoa.

2. The eukaryotic cell organelle that most resembles a bacterial cell is the

mitochondria.

3. Eukaryotic flagella differ from prokaryotic flagella because only eukaryotic flagella

contain microtubules.

4. Cilia are found in certain

protozoa.

5. Chitin is a chemical component of the cell walls of

fungi.

6. Cell walls are not found on typical cells of

protozoa.

7. The site for ribosomal RNA synthesis in eukaryotes is the

nucleolus.

8. When a eukaryotic cell is not undergoing mitosis, the DNA and its associated proteins appear as a visible thread-like mass called the

chromatin.

9. Histones are

proteins associated with DNA in the nucleus.

10. The eukaryotic cell's glycocalyx is

mostly polysaccharide

11. Which of the following is found in eukaryotic cells but not in prokaryotic cells?

nucleus
mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
lysosomes

12. The endosymbiotic theory says that precursor eukaryotic cells acquired flagella by endosymbiosis with a _____ ancestor, and others gained photosynthetic ability from endosymbiosis with a _____ ancestor.

protozoan, algae

13. The cell's series of tunnel-like membranes functioning in transport and storage are the

endoplasmic reticulum.

14. An organelle that is a stack of flattened, membranous sacs and functions to receive, modify, and package proteins for cell secretion is the

Golgi apparatus.

15. Which organelle contains cristae where enzymes and electron carriers for aerobic respiration are found?

mitochondria

16. Organelles found in algae but not found in protozoa or fungi are the

chloroplasts.

17. Protists with contractile vacuoles

use them to expel excess water from the cell.

18. The cytoskeleton

anchors organelles.
provides support.
functions in movements of the cytoplasm.
helps maintain cell shape.

19. The size of a eukaryotic cell ribosome is

80S.

20. Filamentous fungi are called

molds.

21. When buds remain attached, they form a chain of yeast cells called

pseudohyphae.

22. Fungi that grow as yeast at one temperature but will grow as mold at another temperature are called

dimorphic.

23. Fungal spores

are used to identify fungi.

24. Which of the following spores are produced within a sac?

sporangiospores

25. Which of the following spores are sexually produced?

blastospores

26. A mold is observed to have asexual conidia, sexual spores within a sac, and septate hyphae. It is most likely classified in the

Ascomycota.

27. What do zygospores, ascospores, and basidiospores have in common?

They are sexual spores.

28. Which is not a characteristic of fungi?

photosynthetic

29. Blooms of certain dinoflagellates are associated with all of the following except

euglenids

30. Which is mismatched?

Pyrrophyta - euglenids

31. All of the following are found in some or all protozoa except

cell wall

32. The motile, feeding stage of protozoa is called the

trophozoite.

33. The group of protozoa that have flagella are the

mastigophora

34. Which is mismatched?

Plasmodium - causes Chagas disease

35. All of the following are helminths except

trypanosomes.

36. Which of the following does not pertain to helminths?

in kingdom Protista

37. Larvae and eggs are developmental forms of

helminths.

38. Both fish and humans develop neurological symptoms and bloody skin lesions due to a sudden "bloom" of this algae.

Pfiesteria piscida

39. The stacks of thylakoids in a chloroplast are called

grana

40. In order to reproduce sexually, diploid cells must produce _________ gametes through ________.

haploid, meiosis

41. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum functions in synthesis of ___________.

lipids

42. Which of the following are present in viruses?

...

43. On what basis are fungi classified as Fungi Imperfecti, or Deuteromycota?

Based on if the fungus lacks a sexual state.

44. Which of the following is the cause of malaria?

Plasmodium

45. Sources for human infection with worms are all of the following except

contaminated air

46. All of the following are correct about helminthes except

...

47. The organelle involved in intracellular digestion of food particles is the

lysosomes.

48. Which of the following is in the correct order?

metaphase, anaphase, cytokinesis, telophase

49. Chromosomes are not visible in the nucleus unless the cell is undergoing nuclear division. True False

true

50. Eukaryotic mitochondria have their own 70S ribosomes and circular DNA. True False

True

51. The eukaryotic cell membrane is a bilayer of sterols. True False

True

52. Infections caused by fungi are called mycoses. True False

True

53. The only Division of fungi that contains human pathogens is the Deuteromycota. True False

...

54. All fungi have hyphae. True False

False

55. All algae have chloroplasts. True False

True

56. Algae are classified into Divisions based principally on their type of motility. True False

False

57. Plankton are floating communities of helminths. True False

False

58. Fungi are autotrophic. True False

False

59. Biologists have found evidence that eukaryotic cells evolved from prokaryotic organisms by a process of intracellular _____.

symbiosis

60. There are nine peripheral pairs and one central pair of _____ found inside eukaryotic flagella and cilia.

microtubules

61. The passageways in the nuclear envelope for movement of substances to and from the nucleus and cytoplasm are called nuclear _____.

pores

62. Proteins associated with DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells are called _______.

histone

63. A _____ originates from the Golgi apparatus as one type of vesicle that contains a variety of enzymes for intracellular digestion.

lysosome

64. Chloroplasts are composed of membranous sacs called _____ that carry chlorophyll. Surrounding these sacs is a ground substance called _____.

thylakoids, stroma

65. In eukaryotic cells, ribosomes have two locations: scattered in the _____, and on the surface of _____.

cytoplasm, rough er

66. The long, thread-like branching cells of molds are called _____.

hyphae

67. During unfavorable growth conditions, many protozoa can convert to a resistant, dormant stage called a _____.

cyst

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