Chapter 11-12 Late Antiquity and early Christian and Byzantine Art

43 terms by adriennek 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Catacomb

subterranean network of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries

Rotunda

the circular area under a dome; also a domed round building

Synagogue

a Jewish house of worship, often having facilities for religious instruction

Old Testament

the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa

Illuminated manuscript

luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations

piers

vertical, freestanding masonry supports

iconoclasm

the destruction of images

pendentives

concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome

Crucifixion

the death of Jesus upon the Cross

Old Saint Peter's Church

basillican church build by constantine

Transfiguration

the transformation of jesus from human to son of god often shown in art by a cruciform surrounded by light

Annunciation

the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary of her conception of Christ

Anastasis

a representation in Byzantine art of Christ harrowing hell

Conches

a half-dome

nimbus

a halo appearing around the head of a holy figure to signify divinity

cruciform

cross shaped

cupola

a roof in the form of a dome

iconography

refers to the content, or subject, of an art work, and to the study of it

diptych

a 2 paneled painting or altarpiece

Revenna

The architect who built the Tomb of Galla Placida and also San Vitale (?) A naval outpost on the Italian Pennisula.

Justinian

Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code

Parchment

skin of a sheep or goat prepared for writing on

Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church

the equivalent of the Roman Catholic Church in the Byzantine East; located in Constantinople

lunette

A semicircular area in architecture; It's a painting or relif with a semicircular frame

orants

a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer

central plan

A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetrical when bisected laterally and longitudinally.

Torah niche

a recession in a wall used to house a Torah

New Testament

the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers

vellum

calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting

icons

a panel with a painting of sacred persons that are objects of veneration (respect/worship)

squinches

architectural devices used as a transition from a square to a polygonal or circular base for a dome

pantokrater

Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth

mosaic

patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors

mausoleum

monumental tomb

Venice

An Italian trading city on the Ariatic Sea, agreed to help the Byzantines' effort to regain the lands in return for trading privileges in Constantinople.

mandorla

an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding sacred figures.

exedra

Recessed area, usually semicircular

Gospels

the 4 New Testament books that relate to the life and teachings of Jesus

Eucharist

the partaking of bread and wine, which Christians hold to be either Christ himself, or symbolic of him

theotokos

the virgin mary

tessarae

tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic

Hagia Sophia

Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.

monastery

A community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set