Two types of values
>Intrinsic values are related to the maintenance of life. (e.g., food and water)
>Extrinsic values originate outside the individual, and are not necessary for the maintenance of life. (e.g., holism, humanism)
Categories of values...
Religious-Strength of belief.
Theoretical- Honor, courage, and commitment
Economical- Usefulness and practicality.
Aesthetic- Beauty, harmony, and form.
Social- Human interactions, kindness, sympathy and unselfishness.
A document signed in advance of an event occurring where a resuscitation may be needed.
Types of Advanced Directives
-Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
-Durable Power of Attorney
Do Not Resuscitate
The patient has the right to refuse resuscitative measures:
Most common form of AD.
A legal document that a person uses to make known their wishes regarding life prolonging medical treatments. Informs health care providers and family about PT desires for med treatment in the event they are not able to speak for themselves.Is not effective unless the PT is incapacitated.
Durable power of Attorney
Provides power of attorney to another person in the case of an incapacitating medical condition.
Any Advanced Directives require what?
A written doctor's order.
If PT refuses care yet has no legal documentation...
implied consent takes over upon loss of consciousness.
When in doubt of AD then...
Assume implied consent and deliver care to max capabilities.
Abandonment occurs when....
a health care provider initiates care, and then leaves the PT without turning over care to someone of equal or greater medical training.
injuring, wounding, or touching a PT in an offensive manner. Consent MUST be obtained before treating a PT
the failure to act properly.
For negligence to be est. what must be proven...
-There was a duty to act.
-Standard of care was not met.
-Not providing Standard of care caused harm.
A Tort is...
A violation of a civil law.
Patients Bill of Rights includes:
-Right to be informed.
-Right to choose.
-Right to be heard and respected.
-Right to safety.