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poetry

A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.

alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds

consonance

the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

Assonance

repetition of similar vowel sounds

end rhyme

occurs at the end of lines

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

simile

comparison using like or as

symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

metaphor

a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as - when you say something is something else

personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

hyperbole

extreme exaggeration

euphemism

An indirect, less offensive or nice way of saying something that is considered unpleasant

ode

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

limerick

a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet

haiku

a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.

tercet

three line stanza

onomatopoeia

a word that imitates the sound it represents

quatrain

a four line stanza

cinquain

5 line stanza

heptastitch

a stanza with seven lines

octave

8 line stanza

couplet

a pair of rhyming lines

rhyme

two words that sound similar at the end; repetition of sounds at the end of words

near rhyme, half rhyme, slant rhyme

a rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact, as in home and come or close and lose.

foot in poetry

the basic unit of verse meter consisting of many various fixed combinations or groups of stressed and unstressed or long and short syllables

meter

number and type of beats in a poem

internal thyme

rhyming two words within a single line of poetry

denotation

The dictionary definition of a word

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds

ballad

a song or songlike poem that tells a story

free verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

irony

the opposite between what might be expected and what actually occurs

oxymoron

an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds

lyric poem

a short poem of songlike quality

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

figurative language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.

rhythm

the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

repetition

the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device

rhyme scheme

the pattern of end rhymes in a poem

concrete poem

a poem with a shape that suggests its subject.

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

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