5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- formal operational
- Stages of Moral reasoning
- Lawrence Kohlberg
- a the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
- b moral development; presented boys moral dilemmas and studied their responses and reasoning processes in making moral decisions. Most famous moral dilemma is "Heinz" who has an ill wife and cannot afford the medication. Should he steal the medication and why?
- c Kohlberg - pre-conventional (avoid punishment); conventional (rules are make to help group); post-conventional (willing to break rules if rule is immoral.
- d (11 and up) Pendulum experiment: Galileo first performed this experiment by observing swinging lamps in a cathedral and timing them with his
- He found that the time for one swing increases by a factor of two
if the length of the pendulum is multiplied by four, or decreases
by one-half if the length of the pendulum is reduced by onefourth.
- Balance beam experiment
- e all children go through the same stages in the same
- behavior organized around a coherent theme or set of characteristics
Piaget, Kohlberg, Erikson
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- (Personality and social development) mood-related personality characteristics
Activity level; responsiveness to changes in the
environment; regularity of biological rhythms;
intensity of emotions
- Pioneering Research
- Ainsworth (1958)
• Securely attached
• Insecurely attached - avoidant
• Insecurely attached - ambivalent
- Disorganized (added by Mary Main)
• Sensitive responsiveness
- response to baby's needs
- The period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing.
- understand the world in terms of an existing schema
- Piaget's final stage of cognitive development. Beginning around 11 years, children can apply mental operations to abstract concepts and become more systematic in problem-solving.
5 True/False Questions
James Marcia → mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
longitudinal design → A research design in which people of different ages are compared at the same time.
hearing → concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong
Maturation → the decline in responsiveness to a stimulus that is repeatedly presented.
important research findings for newborns → Memory in 3 month olds
- Preference for human voices over other
- Preference of heartbeat sounds and mother's
voice over other women's voices
- Preference of familiar stories over unfamiliar