Earth's Oceans and the Oean Floor

14 terms by brittanyrender

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Pacific Ocean

the largest ocean in the world, the largest ocean, lying west of the continents of North and South America, and east of the continents of Asia and Australia

Atlantic Ocean

the second largest ocean, lying west of the continents of Europe and Africa, and east of the continents of North and South America

Indian Ocean

the 3rd largest ocean, the 3rd largest ocean, ocean between Africa and Australia

Southern Ocean

This ocean, often not labled on maps, surrounds Antarctica and extends northward toward Australia, has the largest area of upwelling (nutrient rich waters circulating to the open surface), which stimulates growth of phytoplankton populations and increase primary production.

Artic Ocean

This ocean has extreme an northern Hemishere, topped with ice for most of the year, location of the mythic "Northwest Passage"

salinity

a measure of the amount of dissolved salts and other solids in a given amount of liquid

thermocline

In water, a distinctive temperature transition zone that separates an upper layer that is mixed by wind (the epilimnion) and a colder, deep layer that is not mixed (the hypolimnion)

deep zone

is the bottom layer that extends from the base of the thermocline to the bottom of the ocean

latitude

the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself

density

The measurement of how much mass of a substance is contained in a given volume

ranging

going from one value or number, or place to another

continental margin

a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust

deep- ocean basin

made up of oceanic crust. The boundary between deep ocean basin and continental margin lies under the continental rise

mid ocean ridge

an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced; a divergent plate boundary

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