5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- When does extinction occur in operant conditioning?
- What is Skinner's concept of reinforcement?
- What is escape learning? Ex.?
- What are interval schedules? Example?
- What is punishment? Ex.?
- a when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response, either the presentation of an unpleasant stimulus or the taking away of a pleasant one. Spanking a child or taking away their video games if they misbehave.
- b when an organism requires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation. escaping an unpleasant stimulus. Leaving a party where you were getting picked on.
- c when previously available reinforcement is stopped
- d require a time period to pass between the presentation of reinforcers.
- e It is something that occurs when an event following a response increases an organism's tendency to make that response
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- stimulus generalization and stimulus discrimination
- Generalization: in classical the CR is elicited by new stimulus resembles the CS, and in operant the responding increases in stimulus that resembles discriminative stimulus. Discrimination: In Classical the CR is not elicited by new stimulus that resembles the original CS, in operant the responding does not increase in similar stimulus
- an organism acquire a response that prevents unpleasant stimulation from occurring (not going to parties anymore because you were picked on, or not taking the elevator)
- reinforced some of the time
5 True/False Questions
What is a negative reinforcement? Ex.? → when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation. good grades, paychecks, attention, flattery
What is a ratio schedule? → a small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequences of the response are controlled
What is the fundamental principle of operant conditioning according to B.F. Skinner? → Operant: responding gradually slows or stops after reinforcement is terminated Classical: CS is presented alone until it no longer elicits CR
Why does ratio scheduling lead to faster responding? → a specific pattern of presentation of reinforcers over time.
How does one interpret a slope on a operant conditioning graph? → If it is a steep slope: rapid response, Shallow slope: slow response