comm3471_5

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language is hard to define bc? 5

multidimensional and complex

5 necessary aspects to language 5

1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3.Arbitrary 4.Modalities 5.Rule governed

language is a socially shared code 5

socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things and feelings

language is symbolic 5

ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols

language is arbitrary 5

the symbol referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees

language is modalities 5

communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension

language is rule governed5

grammar for the form, content, and usage of language

REFERENT5

what the symbol refers to in language

MODALITIES5

avenues, paths, that communication can take. ie: expressive language and receptive lang.

EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE5

speech, writing or gestures are used to ENCODE our thoughts

RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE5

DECODEing language

PHONOLOGY5

rules goverening the way speech sounds are organized and sequenced in language

SYNTAX5

word order and rules for organizing sentences

SEMANTICS5

content of language and concerns the meaning of words (symbol-referent relationship)

COGNITION5

reasoning and info. processing, thinking, judgement and abstraction

language thought controversy5

is language the expression of ideas or is it expression of thought?

truth of lang. thought controversy5

lang. facilitates thought, and thought facilitates language.

LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE5

knowledge of rules of language: grammar, semantics, phonology, and syntax

LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE5

usage of performance

PRAGMATICS5

communicative context and environment in which language occurs; see most common characteristics of disorder pg121

when testing children's language...age5

compare chronological and developmental age

neutralist approach to lang. disorders5

performance on test is sig. lower than other children of same age, then there is a problem

normativist approach to lang. disorders5

values social norms and focuses on consequences of language delay or disorder of individual. considers lang. disorders to be defect in language developemnt

IDEA Act 19975

Individuals with Disabilities Edu Act. continuation of Public Law 94-142, guaranteeing students with disabilities the right to free and app. public edu. IDEA spec protects against culture discriminatory tests to determine comm. disorder

cooing5

babies combining vowels

babbling5

consonant-vowel syllables

phonetic duplication5

9 and 18months, single word utterances, typically Mamma or Dadda

IQ5

intelligence quotient- intelligence plays a role in both normal and abnormal language

validity5

extent to which test does what it is suppose to do

reliability5

dependability of test.consistency of scores over repeated tests

adaptive behaviors5

personal independence and social responsibility. without, and a low IQ score=mental deficiency

anoxia5

lack of oxygen to the brain. sometimes occurs during delivery and can cause mental deficiency

PDD5

Pervasive developmental disorder: impairments in development of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal comm. skills, and imaginative activities. 4x more common in boys than girls. abnormalities in cognition, posture, motor behaviors, mood, and prone to self destructive behaviors.

autism5

a PDD condition (extreme PDD). thought to be neurological or biological

ECHOLALIA5

repetition of what has been spoken-parroting. associated with autism

PERSEVERATION5

automatic continuation of a response either sensory or motor

Environmental deprivation5

denied attention by parents, or abused or neglected= gaps in cognitive, linguistic, and social communication development

Idioglossia5

unique language, unidentifiable - found when deprived of verbal interaction

learning disabilities5

associated with central nervous system dysfunction. Not due to mental, hearing, or vision problem

ADD and ADHD5

neurobehavioral disorder. with hyperactivity there is constant movement of body and speech

metacognitive deficits5

ADHD: problem thinking about thinking

DYSLEXIA5

can be seen in aphasia patients. normal or high IQ: reading disorder. poor phonological awareness and reduced listening comprehention. maybe mistake b for p

DYSGRAPHIA5

can be seen in aphasia patients. motor and symbolic stages of writing. difficulty putting thoughts on paper. normal or high IQ

Forrest Gump, Of Mice and Men, and Sling Blade 5

mental dificiency

Rain Man and Nell5

autism and idioglossia

Five aspects to a definition of language5

1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3. artibrary 4. modalities 5. rule governed

socialy shared code5

Socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things, and feelings

Symbolic5

Ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols.

Arbitrary5

symbol-referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees.

Modalities5

Communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension

Rule governed5

Grammar for the form, content, and usage of language.

Authors accountability5

accountability to portray people with severe language delay and disorders accurately and compassionately

5 componets of language5

1.Phonology 2) Morphology3) Syntax4) Semantics5) Pragmatics

Phonology5

study of speech structure within a language, including both the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation

Morphology/Morphemes5

smallest units of meaning,reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.

Syntax5

study of how individual words and their most basic meaningful units are combined to create sentences

Semantics5

efers to the ways in which a language conveys meaningallows us to recognize that someone who is "green with envy" has not changed hue; oves beyond the literal meaning of words and is culture-dependent,

Pragmatics5

refers to the ways the members of the speech community achieve their goals using language."onversational style of day-to-day interactions is quite different from the language used even when reading a storybook to a toddler. Knowing the difference and when to use which style is the essence of this

phonemes5

est units of sound that make up a language

by the time children are 7 or 8 years old5

most of their language structures are established

Intelligence5

totality of a person's mental abilities. It includes the abilities to learn, think rationally and logically, solve problems, abstract, and interact productively and successfully with the environment.

measures intelligence 5

ratio in which a person's mental age is divided by their chronological age

mutism

with out speech. inability to phonate and articulate

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