TM Grammar 1 Vocabulary

120 terms by tmulberry 

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Intransitive verb

does not transfer the action of the subject to a word in the predicate

linking verb

links the subject with the predicate

proper noun

names a specific person place or thing that begins with a capital letter

a, the, an

commonly used articles

abstract

noun that names a feeling, quality, or idea

Action verb

shows action

action verb

tells what action a person or thing is performing

adjective

used to describe a noun or a pronoun

adjective

clause modifies a noun or pronoun

adjective

describes or modifies a noun or pronoun

adjective questions

what kind, which one, how much, how many

adjectives, adverbs, verbs

parts of speech that adverbs modify

adverb

clause modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb

adverb

part of speech never is a complement

adverb questions

when, where, how, to what degree

antecedent

the noun (or group of words acting as a noun) for which a pronoun stands

antecedent

The ___ is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to.

antecedent

The gender of a pronoun must be the same as the gender of its ___.

appositive

phrase that identifies or gives more information about the subject

article

most commonly used adjectives

chronological

pattern used for a narrative essay

clause

group of words with a subject and a predicate

collective noun

names a group of individual people or things

common noun

used often and is usually not capitalized

common noun

names any one of a class of people, places, or things

compound noun

made up of two or more words

compound nouns

Mother-in-law, skyscraper, Eiffel Tower: two or more words put together

compare/contrast

pattern used for an essay about the beliefs of one program versus the beliefs of another

complement

word or group of words that completes the meaning of a verb

compound adjective

made up of more than one word

Concrete noun

can be perceived by any one of the senses

conjunction

links words or groups of words

definite article

the (it refers to a specific person, place, or thing)

demonstrative pronoun

THAT book is the best book I have ever read!

demonstrative pronoun

points out a specific person, place, or thing

demonstrative pronoun

The ___ points out a person place, thing, or idea.

dependent clause, subordinate

has a subject and predicate, but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence

direct object

A/An ___ is a noun or pronoun that names the receiver of an action.

direct object

receives the action of the verb

direct object

sentence with an indirect object has a...

direct object questions

what, whom

four

Every verb has ___ basic forms called its principal parts: the present, the present participle, the past, and the past participle.

future tense

The ___ conveys actions and conditions that are yet to come.

gerund

ends in -ing and is used as a noun

helping verb

that helps the main verb express action or a state of being

helping verb

added before another verb to make a verb phrase

indefinite article

a and an (refer to any one of a class of people, places, or things)

indefinite pronoun

pronoun that may or may not be already named

indefinite pronoun

refers to people, places, or things, often without specifying which ones

indefinite pronoun

A/An ___does not refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.

indefinite pronouns

Some ___ can be singular or plural.

indefinite pronouns

Some ___are always singular, some are always plural, and some can be either singular or plural.

independent, main clause

can stand alone as a complete sentence

indirect object

A/An ___ tells to what or whom or for what or whom an action is done.

infinitive

"to" followed by the base form of a verb

intensive pronoun

emphasizes a noun or another pronoun and is not needed for the meaning of the sentence. ends in -self or -selves.

intensive pronoun

A/An ___ emphasizes a noun or another pronoun in the same sentence.

interjection

expresses strong emotion or surprise

interrogative pronoun

introduces a question

interrogative pronoun

used to begin a question (what? which? who? whom? whose?)

interrogative pronoun

A/An ___ is used to introduce a question.

intransitive (action) verb

when no receiver of the action is named in the sentence

Intransitive verb

does not transfer the action of the subject to a word in the predicate

Irregular verbs

___ are verbs whose past and past participle forms are not made by adding -ed or -d to the present.

linking verb

connects a noun or pronoun at or near the beginning of a sentence with a word at or near the end

linking verb

links the subject with the predicate

logical order

pattern of organization used for an expository essay

noun

the name of a person, place, or thing

noun

person, place, thing, idea

noun or pronoun

part of speech usually a direct object

object pronoun

A/An ___is used as a direct object, an indirect object, or an object of a preposition.

object pronouns

Use the ___ me, her, him, us, and them in a compound object

organization

trait concerned with the order in which you present your ideas

past tense

The ___ conveys actions and conditions that came to an end in the past.

person

The pronoun must agree in ______with the antecedent

personal pronouns

refer to (1) the person speaking, (2) the person spoken to, (3) the person, place, or thing spoken about

personal pronoun

names the one speaking, spoken to, or spoken about

personal pronoun

Be sure that each ___ refers clearly to only one person, place, or thing.

personal pronouns

Pronouns such as: we, I, he, them, and it are called ___.

plural antecedent

Use a plural pronoun to refer to a ___.

plural personal pronoun

Use a ___ to refer to a plural indefinite pronoun.

possessive pronoun

A/An ___ is a personal pronoun used to show ownership or relationship.

possessive pronoun

shows ownership

predicate adjective

A/An ___ is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject.

predicate noun

A/An ___ is a noun that follows a linking verb and identifies renames or defines the subject.

preposition

relates a noun or pronoun to another word

pronoun

A/An ___ is a word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun.

pronoun

a word that takes the place of a noun or a group of words acting as a noun

pronoun

takes the place of a noun

proper adjective

(1) a proper noun used as an adjective or (2) and adjective formed from a proper noun

proper noun

that names a specific person place or thing that begins with a capital letter

reflexive pronoun

A/An ___refers to the subject and directs the action of the verb back to the subject.

Reflexive pronoun

refers to, or reflects on, the subject of the sentence and ends in -self or -selves. necessary to the meaning of the sentence

regular verb

A/An ___ is a verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present.

relative pronoun

begins a subordinate clause and connects it to another idea in the same sentence

Relative pronoun

introduces a subordinate clause

singular antecedent

Use a singular pronoun to refer to a ___.

singular personal pronoun

Use a ___to refer to a singular indefinite pronoun.

subject pronoun

A/An ___is used as a subject in a sentence or as a predicate pronoun after linking verb.

sentence fluency

trait has to do with sentence length and varied beginnings

spatial

pattern used for an essay about the structure of a cell

subject pronouns

Use the ___ I, she, he, we, and they in a compound subject or with a predicate noun or pronoun.

tense

A/An ___ is a verb form that shows the time of an action or condition.

transitive (action) verb

when the receiver of the action is named in the sentence

Transitive verb

transfers the action of the subject to a word in the predicate

verb

A/An ___is a word used to express an action a condition or a state of being.

verb phrase

something that contains one main vern and one or more helping verbs

voice

trait concerned with the personality of the writer

Who

___ is always used as a subject or a predicate pronoun.

Whom

___ is always used as an object.

word choice

trait concerned with using specific nouns and vivid verbs

subject

the part of the sentence or clause about which something is being said.

phrase

a group of words acting as a single part of speech and not containing both a subject and a verb. It is a part of a sentence, and does not express a complete thought.

participle

The -ing and -ed forms of verbs. The -ing form is called the "present participle". The -ed form is called the "past participle"

sentence

a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"

simple sentence

A sentence with one subject and one predicate. Example: The flower is red.

complex sentence

a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause

compound sentence

a sentence that has two or more independent clauses, joined by a conjunction (such as 'but', 'and') and/or punctuation (such as ',')

sentence fragment

A sentence that is missing the subject, the verb, or both.

run-on sentence

Two or more sentences in a paragraph without appropriate punctuation or connecting words.

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