The Versailles Treaty
The peace settlement signed at the end of WW1. It ended the state of war between Germany and the allies. There were many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required Germany to take full responsibility for causing the war. Germany was treated very poorly in this treaty.
The Beer Hall Revolt, Munich, Germany
Hitler and a band of armed supporters burst into a Munich Beer Hall. Hitler fired a shot at the ceiling and then declared that President Ebert and the national government had been overthrown. Police quickly stopped the revolt, and two days later Hitler was arrested and brought to trial.
Translated to My Struggles, this was the book Hitler wrote while in jail in 1923. He wrote about how the Aryan race was the master race destined to rule over the world, and all other races were inferior to it, particularly Jews and Slavs.
These were German politicians who signed the Treaty of Versailles. They were often said to have "stabbed Germans in the back" by signing the peace treaty.
The Russian Revolution
Also called the bolshevik Revolution. The years after the War were full of economic and political turmoil almost everywhere in the world. Many people were looking for someone to blame for the violence. They labeled anyone who called for change a communist or a bolshevik.
President Wilsons plan for peace
President Wilsons Fourteen Points. This was a "brilliant propaganda ploy", which was pitched 10 months before the end of WW1. One of the most important points was the establishment of a League of Nations.
The Weimar Republic
This was the pre-Nazi German government that signed the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler called this government the "Jew government." The November Criminals, as they came to be known, were the ones who signed it, and it was often said that signing the treaty "stabbed Germans in the back."