Anatomy LVL 1 Overview

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mouth closed

Which of the following in NOT an essential part of anatomical position?
feet together/feet flat on the floor?forearms supinated/mouth closed/arms down to the sides

transverse

A ring-shaped section of the small intestine would be a _______ section?

distal

The tarsal region is _____ to the popliteal region

superficial

The greater omentum is _____ to the small intestine.

midsaggital

A ____ line passes through the sternum, umbilicus, and mons pubis.

inguinal

The ____ region is imediately medial to the coxal region.

plantar

Which of the following regions is not part of the upper limb?
plantar/carpal/cubital/brachial/palmar

liver

Which of these roagns is within the peritoneal cavity?
urinary bladder/kidneys/heart/liver/brain

right upper quadrant

In which area do you think pain from the gallbladder would be felt?

urinary system

Which organ system regulates blood volume, controls acid-base balances and stimulares red blood cell production?

supinated

The forearm is said to be ___when the palms are facing inward.

parietal

The superficial layer of the pleura is called the _____ pleura.

mediastinum

The right and left pleural cavities are serperated by a thick wall called the ______

nuchal

The back of the neck is caled the ______

hand, foot

The manus is more commonly known as the ____ and the pes is more commonly know as ______

meninges

The cranial cavity is lined by membranes called the ________

retroperitoneal

Organs that lie within the abdominal cavity but not within the peritoneal cavity are said to have a _____ position.

medial

The sternal region is _____ to the pectoral region

inferior

The pelvic cavity can be described as ______to the abdominal cavity in position.

cubital, popiteal

The anterior pit of the ebow is the _____ region, and corresponding (but posterior) pit of the knee is the _______ region

Frontal

#1

Orbital

#2

Cephalic

#1-6

Cervical

#7

Sternal

#8

Auxillary

#9

Mammary

#10

Thoracic

#8-11

Acromial

#12

Brachial

#13

Antecubital

#14

Antebrachial

#15

Carpal

#16

Upper Limb

#12-16

Adbominal

#17

Umbilical

#18

Pelvic

#19

Inguinal

#20

Palmar

#23

Digital

#24

Manus (Hand)

#22-24

Femoral

#26

Patellar

#27

Crural

#28

Fibular/Peroneal

#29

Lower Limb

#25-29

Tarsal

#30

Digital

#31

Hallux

#32

Pedal (Foot)

#30-32

Occipital

#2

Cephalic

#1-2

Acromial

#3

Brachial

#4

Olecranial

#5

Antebrachial

#6

Upper Limb

#3-6

Vertebral

#7

Scapular

#8

Lumbar

#10

Sacral

#11

Dorsum

#7-11

Digital

#12

Gluteal

#13

Perineal

#14

Femoral

#15

Popliteal

#16

Lower Limb

#15-17

Calcaneal

#18

Plantar

#19

Pedal (Foot)

#18-19

Right Hypochondriac Region

#1

Right Lumbar Region

#2

Right Inguinal Region

#3

Epigastric Region

#4

Umbilical Region

#5

Hypogastric (Pubic) Region

#6

Left Hypochondriac Region

#7

Left Lumbar Region

#8

Left Inguinal Region

#9

TRUE

Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus.

TRUE

Imaging is useful in discovering obstructed blood supplies in organs and tissues.

TRUE

The anatomical position means the body is standing at attention with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the body.

FALSE

The elbow is proximal to the shoulder.

FALSE

The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity wall is called visceral peritoneum.

TRUE

A major function of serous membranes is to decrease friction.

FALSE

The right hypochondriac region contains the majority of the stomach.

TRUE

Lungs carry out an excretory function.

FALSE

Embryology concerns the structural changes that occur in an individual from conception through old age.

TRUE

A tissue consists of groups of similar cells that have a common function.

TRUE

It is important for any organism to maintain its boundaries, so that its internal environment remains distinct from the external environment surrounding it.

TRUE

Without some sort of negative feedback mechanism, it would be impossible to keep our body chemistry in balance.

TRUE

Regardless of the variable being regulated, all homeostatic control mechanisms have at least three interdependent components.

TRUE

The epigastric region is located superior to the umbilical region.

B) tissues

Histology would be best defined as a study of ________.
A) cells
B) tissues
C) cell chemistry
D) the gross structures of the body

B) gross

The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy.
A) microscopic
B) gross
C) developmental
D) systemic

B) excretion of metabolic waste

An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________.
A) maintaining boundaries
B) excretion of metabolic waste
C) responsiveness
D) metabolism

D) 37

Average body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade.
A) 98
B) 68
C) 47
D) 37

A) control center

If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis, then the wall thermostat would be the ________.
A) control center
B) receptor
C) effector
D) variable

B) to maintain homeostasis

What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback?
A) to control all body system tissues
B) to maintain homeostasis
C) to keep the body's sugar high
D) to regulate excretion

D) coxal

What is the specific name for the hip region?
A) manus
B) inguinal
C) pedal
D) coxal

B) diagonally between the vertical and horizontal

An oblique cut is one that is cut ________.
A) horizontal right and left
B) diagonally between the vertical and horizontal
C) vertical right and left
D) perpendicular to vertical and horizontal

D) pericardial

The heart lies in the ________ cavity.
A) superior mediastinal
B) pleural
C) dorsal
D) pericardial

D) orbital

The cavities housing the eyes are called __________ cavities.
A) frontal
B) cranial
C) nasal
D) orbital

C) organ

A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be a(n) ________.
A) complex tissue
B) organ system
C) organ
D) complex cell

B) Synovial

________ cavities are spaces within joints.
A) Nasal
B) Synovial
C) Orbital
D) Oral

D) decay

Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?
A) movement
B) responsiveness to external stimuli
C) maintenance of boundaries
D) decay

D) dorsal

Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind?
A) anterior
B) lateral
C) distal
D) dorsal

C) water

The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of body weight, is ________.
A) oxygen
B) protein
C) water
D) hydrogen

D) popliteal

What is the posterior side of the patella called?
A) sural
B) crural
C) antecubital
D) popliteal

C) Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body.

Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms?
A) Positive feedback mechanisms always result in excessive damage to the host.
B) Negative feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus.
C) Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body.
D) Blood glucose levels are regulated by positive feedback mechanisms.

C) palms turned posteriorly

The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except ________.
A) body erect
B) arms at sides
C) palms turned posteriorly
D) thumbs pointed laterally

C) enhancement of labor contractions

A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________.
A) body temperature regulation
B) regulating glucose levels in the blood
C) enhancement of labor contractions
D) blood calcium level regulation

C) any sagittal plane except the median

Which of the following describes a parasagittal plane?
A) a transverse cut just above the knees
B) two cuts dividing the body into left and right halves
C) any sagittal plane except the median
D) any cut dividing the body into anterior and posterior

D) intestines

Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?
A) appendix
B) stomach
C) liver
D) intestines

B) lining the thoracic cavity

The parietal pleural would represent a serous membrane ________.
A) covering individual lungs
B) lining the thoracic cavity
C) covering the heart
D) lining the abdominal cavity

D) nervous

Which one of the following systems responds to environmental stimuli?
A) muscular
B) lymphatic
C) immune
D) nervous

C) Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region.

Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched.
A) Gross anatomy: study of structures visible to the eye.
B) Microscopic anatomy: study of structures too small to be seen by the naked eye.
C) Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region.
D) Embryology: study of the changes in an individual from conception to birth.

B) a relatively stable internal environment, within limits

Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________.
A) the lowest possible energy usage
B) a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
C) a static state with no deviation from preset points
D) a dynamic state within an unlimited range

A) pleural, ventral, and thoracic

In which cavities are the lungs located?
A) pleural, ventral, and thoracic
B) mediastinum, thoracic, and ventral
C) pleural, dorsal, and abdominal
D) pericardial, ventral, and thoracic

C) Visceral pericardium covers the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart.

Choose the following statement that is not completely correct regarding serous membranes.
A) Serosa are very thin, double-layered structures.
B) Serous membranes are divided into parietal and visceral membranes with a potential space between the two.
C) Visceral pericardium covers the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart.
D) Serous membranes secrete a watery lubricating fluid.

B) 2-1-4-3-5

Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex:

1. molecules
2. atoms
3. tissues
4. cells
5. organ
A) 1-2-3-4-5
B) 2-1-4-3-5
C) 2-1-3-4-5
D) 1-2-4-3-5

D) MRI

Which of the following imaging devices would best localize a tumor in a person's brain?
A) X ray
B) DSA
C) PET
D) MRI

B) thoracic cavity

Which of these is not part of the dorsal cavity?
A) cranial cavity
B) thoracic cavity
C) spinal cord
D) vertebral cavity

C) left upper

In which abdominopelvic cavity is the stomach located?
A) right upper
B) right lower
C) left upper
D) left lower

A) It is considered the cause of most diseases.

Which of the following statements is the most correct regarding homeostatic imbalance?
A) It is considered the cause of most diseases.
B) The internal environment is becoming more stable.
C) Positive feedback mechanisms are overwhelmed.
D) Negative feedback mechanisms are functioning normally.

D) gross, regional, systemic, and surface

Subdivisions of anatomy include which of the following?
A) gross, macroscopic, visual, and microscopic
B) gross, regional, dissection, and surface
C) regional, surface, visual, and microscopic
D) gross, regional, systemic, and surface

D) thumb

The term pollex refers to the ________.
A) great toe
B) calf
C) fingers
D) thumb

B) brain

The dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?
A) intestines
B) brain
C) lungs
D) liver

A) The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system.

Select the most correct statement.
A) The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system.
B) Organ systems operate independently of each other to maintain life.
C) The endocrine system is not a true structural organ system.
D) Organ systems can be composed of cells or tissues, but not both.

B) sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them

One of the functional characteristics of life is irritability. This refers to ________.
A) indigestible food residues stimulating the excretory system
B) sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them
C) the nervous system causing all living things to sometimes experience anger
D) the necessity for all organisms to reproduce

D) nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen

Which of the following are survival needs of the body?
A) nutrients, water, movement, and reproduction
B) nutrients, water, growth, and reproduction
C) water, atmospheric pressure, growth, and movement
D) nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen

B) as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body

The anatomical position is used ________.
A) rarely, because people don't usually assume this position
B) as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body
C) only when a body is lying down
D) as the most comfortable way to stand when dissecting a specimen

C) sagittal

What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into left and right, called?
A) frontal
B) regional
C) sagittal
D) transverse

A) frontal

What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called?
A) frontal
B) median
C) sagittal
D) transverse

B) dorsal

Which body cavity protects the nervous system?
A) cranial
B) dorsal
C) vertebral
D) thoracic

B) cardiovascular anatomy

Which of the following describes the operation of the heart and blood vessels?
A) systemic anatomy
B) cardiovascular anatomy
C) systemic physiology
D) cardiovascular physiology

tissues

Similar cells that have a common function are called ________.

olecranal

The term that describes the back of the elbow is ________.

calcaneal

The term that describes the heel region is ________.

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