The spiritual interpretation of scripture that shows how people and events in history suggest future people and events.
A prolonged metaphor. Related to parables and fables, it uses a storytelling format rich with symbols to make a statement about a real-life situation. It is a type of improper literal sense.
The spiritual interpretation of Scripture that shows how events in Scripture point to what will be heaven.
A way of understanding by drawing a comparison or likeness and dissimilarity between tho things or relationships. Theology is based on reasoning by analogy.
Greek for "one sent forth" Refers to the twelve chosen by Jesus during his public ministry.
Fathers of the Church that were direct disciples of the Apostles and wrote during the first century and beginning of the second.
Historical/Spiritual lineage of each bishop back to one of the Twelve Apostles.
A consecrated successor to the Apostles, usually charged with the spiritual and administrative care of a given territory or diocese.
Catechism of the Catholic Church
A compendium of Catholic doctrine on faith and morals published in 1992 that serves Catholics as "a sure norm for teaching the faith" and "an authentic reference text."
Council of Jerusalem
Recounted in Acts 15, this synod of the Apostles AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses.
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, handed on in the Church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed.
Dervied from Greek "oikoumene" meaning " the whole inhabited world" and refers to the bringing of Bishops and others who are able to vote from all over the world to dicuss central church issues, presided over by pope.
Study of the end times.
A story, often fanciful, that is not based on fact and is used to illustrate a moral lesson, usually with animals or plants as characters. It is one of the improper literal senses of a text.
Fathers of the Church
Refers to a number of Christian writers from the first through the eighth centuries whose lives reflected the teachings of Christ and whose teachings were in perfect harmony with the Church. Their value is in the fact that the doctrine they developed faithfully communicates the Faith they received from CHrist and contributed to a deeper spiritual and theological understanding of natural and supernatural truths.
A literary device that uses exaggeration to make a point. It is one of the improper literal senses of a text.
Making no mistakes or errors. Scripture is inerrant; that is, it always teaches truth, never falsehood.
Immunity from error and any possibility of error. The Church possesses this character as promised by Christ, as does the pope as defined by the First Vatican Council.
The dogma that the pope cannot err when speaking ex cathedra and defining a doctrine concerning faith and moral to be held by the whole Church.
The gift of the Holy Spirit that assisted human authors to write the books of the Bible.
A way of reading literature without regard to the particular literary forms being used.
Scriptural interpretation based on the meaning of words in the literary and historical context.
Reading a story with full regard/care for the literary forms and styles being used.
various styles of writing that communicate a message through particular creative means. In Scripture they include historical, juridical, prophetic, apocalyptic, wisdom, poetry, and epistle.
name given to the universal teaching authority of the pope and the bishops in communion with him, which guides the members of the Church without error in matters of faith and morals through the interpretation of Sacred Scripture and Tradition.
A word or term that refers to another by comparison. It is like a simile, except that it does not use the words like or as in making the comparison. It os one of the improper literal senses of a text.
The spiritual interpretation of Scripture that portrays the heroes of Scripture as a pattern for Christians of every age.
Correctness or soundness in theological truth.
A story told to illustrate a moral or spiritual truth.
The sense of the faithful. Refers to the inerrancy possessed by all the faithful when they share universal consent in matters of faith and morals.
A word or term that refers to another by comparison using the words like or as.
The interpretation of Scripture that sees not only the words of the text but also the people, things, and events they describe as signs. The spiritual senses flow out of the literal meaning of the words. The three kinds of spiritual sense in Scripture are the allegorical, moral, and anagogical senses.
From the Latin tradition meaning "handing down." Sacred Tradition is part of the Deposit of Faith. It is the Word of God entrusted by Christ to the Apostles and their successors and communicated by preaching and teaching to every generation of Christians under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, who keeps it free from error. Sacred Tradition preceded Sacred Scripture, which grew out of Sacred Tradition with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
Reliability in communicating the truth.