Cell Cycle and Mitosis

Created by jmalco14 

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12 terms

Somatic Cells

all the cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the cells that make up tissues and organs.

Cell Cycle

the process that somatic cells go through in order to grow and reproduce.

Interphase

the longest part of a cell cycle when the cell grows and develops, replicates its DNA, and makes proteins and RNA to prepare for cell division.

Mitosis

the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides

Prophase

the first stage of mitosis when the cromatin condenses and can be seen.

Metaphase

the second stage of mitosis when the chromatids line up along the midline of the nucleus.

Anaphase

the third stage of mitosis when the centromeres divide and the sister chromatids seperate.

Telophase

the last phase of mitosis when new nuclear membranes are formed around each set of chromosomes.

Cytokinesis

the last part of the cell cycle when the entire cell divides.

Replicate

to make an exact copy of; for an example, chromosomes replicate in the nucleus before a cell divides.

Centromere

a structure that holds sister chromatids (pairs of replicated chromosomes) together.

Chromatin

the threadlike material made of DNA and proteins found in chromosomes (or will condense ro from chromosomes).

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