US History Unit 2 (1770-1815)

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33 terms

French and Indian War

Established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.

Stamp Tax

passed in 1765, required colonists to purchase a small stamp to be affixed to legal and other documents

King George III

King of England during the American Revolution

Boston Massacre

The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans.

Boston Tea Party

a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.

Intolerable Acts

in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troops in barns and empty houses

Sons of Liberty

a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution

Sam Adams

Member of the first and second Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence, and served as governor of Massachusetts. He was very supportive of a revolution. Helped organize the Boston Tea Party, dressed as an Indian during the raid.

John Hancock

Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.

"Shot heard Around the World"

phrase given to the shots fired at Lexington and Concord, MA, the first battles between the colonial minutemen and the British in the Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War

1775-1783

Where did the Revolutionary War begin?

Lexington and Concord, MA

George Washington

Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.

Battle of Trenton

On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Delaware River. The next morning, they surprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.

Hessians

German soldiers who fought for the British

Tories/Loyalists

People who were against independence and wanted to remain loyal to England.

Battle of Saratoga

Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.

Valley Forge

the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing

The Turtle

1st American built combat submarine that failed at missions to sink British ships

Declaration of Independence

This document was adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this document.

Thomas Jefferson

He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.

Common Sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation

John Trumbull

He was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence.

Benedict Arnold

Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.

Where did the Revolutionary War end?

Yorktown, Virginia

What was the popular American victory song?

...

Badge of Merit

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How did the French help the US?

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Admiral DeGrasse

The French Naval commander who defeated the British fleet at the battle of Yorktown, preventing Cornwallis from retreating by sea.

Sally Fairfax

The love of George Washington's life

Benjamin Rush

Patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution.

"Bleeding"

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Articles of Confederation

the document that created the first central government for the United States; it was replaced by the Constitution in 1789

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