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False

T/F: IBM began developing the FireWire standard in the 1980s.

True

T/F: CompactFlash NICs are most frequently used to connect devices too small to handle PCMCIA slots.

False

T/F: It is best to perform connectivity tests on a computer connected to a live network.

True

T/F: Bridges are protocol independent.

False

T/F: Cut-through switches can detect corrupt packets.

data transreceiver

Nearly all NICs contain a(n) ____, the device that transmits and receives data signals.

PCI

By far, the most popular expansion board NIC is one that uses a(n) ____ bus.

lanes

PCIe slots vary depending on the number of ____ they support.

external

CompactFlash is an example of a peripheral device attached to the computer's ____ bus.

speed

The primary difference between the two USB standards is ____.

firmware

___ is a set of data or instructions that has been saved to a ROM (read-only memory) chip (which is on the NIC).

RAM

Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into ____.

RX

If the ____ NIC LED indicator is blinking, the NIC is functioning and receiving frames.

interrupt

A(n) ____ is the circuit board wire over which a device issues voltage to signal this request.

CMOS

____ is a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate.

BIOS

The ____ is a simple set of instructions that enables a computer to initially recognize its hardware.

base I/O port

The ____ setting specifies, in hexadecimal notation, which area of memory will act as a channel for

firmware

A NIC's transmission characteristics are held in the adapter's ____.

hub

A ____ is a repeater with more than one output port.

intelligent

____ hubs possess internal processing capabilities.

VLANs

Switches can create ____ by grouping a number of ports into a broadcast domain.

STP

To eliminate the possibility of a broadcast storm, switches and bridges implement the ____.

content

Switches that operate anywhere between Layer 4 and Layer 7 are also known as ____ switches.

router

A ____ is a multiport connectivity device that directs data between nodes on a network.

static

____ routing is a technique in which a network administrator programs a router to use specific paths between nodes.

gateways

____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.

bus

A computer's ____________________ is the circuit, or signaling pathway, used by the motherboard to transmit data to the computer's components, including its memory, processor, hard disk, and NIC.

on-board

A(n) ____________________ NIC is integrated into the motherboard.

device driver

A(n) ____________________ is software that enables an attached device to communicate with the computer's operating system.

memory range

The ____________________ indicates, in hexadecimal notation, the area of memory that the NIC and CPU use for exchanging, or buffering, data.

interior

A router that directs data between nodes on an autonomous LAN (or one owned and operated by a single organization) is known as a(n) ____________________ router.

repeater

Have no means to interpret the data they retransmit.

firewire

Uses the IEEE 1394 standard.

cut-through mode

A switch running in this mode reads a frame's header and decides where to forward the data before it receives the entire packet.

bridge

Devices that connect two network segments by analyzing incoming frames and making decisions about where to direct them based on each frame's MAC address.

cardbus

External peripheral device specifying 32-bit interface running at 33 MHz.

switch

Connectivity device that subdivides a network into smaller logical pieces.

PCIe

Supports up to 16 lanes.

store-and-forward mode

A switch running in this mode reads the entire data frame into its memory and checks it for accuracy before transmitting the information.

loopback adapter

Plugs into a port and crosses over the transmit line to the receive line so that outgoing signals can be redirected into the computer for testing.

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