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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Traits
  2. Scientific Method
  3. Taxonomies
  4. Internal Validity
  5. Correlation Disadvantages
  1. a process of constructing, testing, and refining theories through systematic observation
  2. b words that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries
  3. c one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can say the IV is affecting the DV - experiments are high on this
  4. d how many traits do we study?
    ex. the Big 5
  5. e 1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. consistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)
  2. IV (variable x) - what the researcher manipulates (makes a difference between groups)
  3. does a measure asses what its intended to measure?
  4. one problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study
  5. individual differences that emerge early in life, are heritable, and involve behaviors that are linked with emotion (activity level, emotion states, soothability, and orientation) - four different ones:
    1. easy babies (positive, low emotional reaction)
    2. difficult babies (negative, low emotions)
    3. slow to warm (negative, low emotional reaction but overtime warm up)
    4. behavioral inhibition (timid and shy, strong reactions)

5 True/False Questions

  1. Trait Stabilityconsistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)

          

  2. Experimental Advantages5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study

          

  3. Experimental Methodallows us to test casual hypothesis
    ex. does happiness increase helping?
    involves the IV and the DV

          

  4. Demand Characteristicsone problem with the experimental method - cue in the environment/experiment that elicits a certain response
    ex. punching bag in a hott room when looking for aggression

          

  5. Person-situation Debatertoo much diversity in what people were studying - failure in replicated Cattel's results - Walter Mitchell's book "Personality and Assessment" stays there's no such thing as personality

          

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