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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Personality Changes
  2. Experimental Advantages
  3. Hypothesis
  4. Internal Validity
  5. Person-situation Debater
  1. a during your 20's there are small but consistent changes -
    score higher on:
    1. agreeableness
    2. conscientiousness
    3. emotional stability
    4. positive affect
    score lower on:
    1. extraversion
    2. openness to experience
    3. neuroticism
    4. negative affect
  2. b 1. control for the third variable through random assignment
    2. can't est. causality
  3. c statement/question about the conditions under which an event occurs
  4. d too much diversity in what people were studying - failure in replicated Cattel's results - Walter Mitchell's book "Personality and Assessment" stays there's no such thing as personality
  5. e one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can say the IV is affecting the DV - experiments are high on this

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. present ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)
  2. one problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study
  3. one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can generate our findings to the real world - experiments are low on this
  4. words that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries
  5. when the correlation is +1.0 (though it can not usually be a perfect correlation)

5 True/False Questions

  1. Correlational Methodstatistical approach that measures the relationship between two variables - not manipulating anything - represented by "r" (correlation coefficient)

          

  2. Taxonomieswords that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries

          

  3. Aggregationaveraging across several observations, not just one

          

  4. Validitywords that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries

          

  5. Hans Eysenckthe amount of a trait which is different, either increased or decreased (degree rather than kind)

          

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