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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Correlational Method
  2. Archival Data
  3. Trait Stability
  4. Physiological Measures
  5. Traits
  1. a statistical approach that measures the relationship between two variables - not manipulating anything - represented by "r" (correlation coefficient)
  2. b ex. looking at police records
  3. c words that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries
  4. d cross-culture and longitudinal research do not show dramatic change in personality over time (correlation +.65) - Big 5 is the most consistent - personality appears to be "set in stone" with age but gradual change can occur (personality becomes fixed by age 30)
  5. e ex. blood pressure, brain waves, and so on

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. consistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)
  2. when the correlation is neutral, meaning its a 0, then there is no correlation
  3. Openness to experience
    Conscientiousness
    Extraversion
    Agreeableness
    Neuroticism
  4. does a measure asses what its intended to measure?
  5. one problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study

5 True/False questions

  1. Ethicswords that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries

          

  2. Observer Reportsbased on real world data, as well as archival data

          

  3. Taxonomieswords that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries

          

  4. Experimental Advantages5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study

          

  5. Personality Changesduring your 20's there are small but consistent changes -
    score higher on:
    1. agreeableness
    2. conscientiousness
    3. emotional stability
    4. positive affect
    score lower on:
    1. extraversion
    2. openness to experience
    3. neuroticism
    4. negative affect

          

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