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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Hypothesis
  2. Experimenter Bias
  3. Internal Validity
  4. Projective Tests
  5. Self-report
  1. a present ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)
  2. b one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can say the IV is affecting the DV - experiments are high on this
  3. c most widely used
    ex. personality questionnaires
  4. d one problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study
  5. e statement/question about the conditions under which an event occurs

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. does a measure asses what its intended to measure?
  2. refers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns
  3. the amount of a trait which stays about the same
    ex. when 8 if your aggressive, your usually aggressive as an adult
  4. individual differences that emerge early in life, are heritable, and involve behaviors that are linked with emotion (activity level, emotion states, soothability, and orientation) - four different ones:
    1. easy babies (positive, low emotional reaction)
    2. difficult babies (negative, low emotions)
    3. slow to warm (negative, low emotional reaction but overtime warm up)
    4. behavioral inhibition (timid and shy, strong reactions)
  5. averaging across several observations, not just one

5 True/False Questions

  1. Changethe amount of a trait which is different, either increased or decreased (degree rather than kind)


  2. Experimental Advantages5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study


  3. Taxonomieshow many traits do we study?
    ex. the Big 5


  4. Experimental Disadvantages5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study


  5. Correlation Disadvantages1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat


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