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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Negative Correlation
  2. Big 5
  3. Hypothesis
  4. External Validity
  5. Continuity
  1. a when the correlation is -1.0
  2. b statement/question about the conditions under which an event occurs
  3. c one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can generate our findings to the real world - experiments are low on this
  4. d the amount of a trait which stays about the same
    ex. when 8 if your aggressive, your usually aggressive as an adult
  5. e Openness to experience

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. ex. blood pressure, brain waves, and so on
  2. consistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)
  3. present ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)
  4. too much diversity in what people were studying - failure in replicated Cattel's results - Walter Mitchell's book "Personality and Assessment" stays there's no such thing as personality
  5. refers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns

5 True/False Questions

  1. Demand CharacteristicsDV (variable y) - variable that is measured and usually follows the IV
    ex. helping behaviors


  2. Validitywords that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries


  3. Experimental Methodallows us to test casual hypothesis
    ex. does happiness increase helping?
    involves the IV and the DV


  4. No Correlationwhen the correlation is neutral, meaning its a 0, then there is no correlation


  5. Hans Eysenckthe amount of a trait which is different, either increased or decreased (degree rather than kind)


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