analyzes the formality of a work as opposed to its content such as its grammatical features, mechanics, syntax and other literary devices.
analyze a text with an eye on history; analyze it with the context it was written in mind.
c. Reader Response
focuses a work based on its effect on the audience or reader (as opposed to other approaches that focus primarily on the author or the content of the work). Focus on interpretation of a work and a reader's "real experience" with it.
a. Anticipation Guides
things that readers do initially to get them motivated about the book such as title, cover, pages, print size, etc. Struggling readers need Anticipation Guides to hook them onto the Big Ideas of a text.
b. Contextual Analysis
analyzing a text based on the context of the time period, etc.
c. Informal Reading Inventories - Survey that allows a teacher to discover a student's individual reading needs and abilities. Tests word recognition, word meaning, reading strategies, and comprehension.
g. Reciprocal teaching
summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting. The student and teacher take turns being teacher in a dialogue between one another. Helps for students to construct meaning from a text.