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process

structure that sticks out (pan handle)

ramus

extension of bone that is usually at an angle (jaw bone)

trochanter

large rough to the touch projection (femur)

tuberosity

smaller rough to the touch bump

tubercle

small-medium sized rounded bump

crest

raised ridge of bone

line

raised ridge (lower and narrower than crest)

articulate

where bones meet

articular/auricular

describes areas where bones meet bones

head

rounded extremity (end) of typically long bone

neck

area just inferior to the head (surgical/anatomical) narrow connection btwn epiphysis and diaphysis

condyle

large swelling on either end of the ends of limb bones

facets

smooth flat oval shaped surfaces

demi-facets

small facet

trochlea

smooth rounded articulating surfaces on humerus

spine

sharp pointed extension of bone (type of process)

fossa

wide smooth shallow concave surface (depression where something fits)

foramen

a hole (nerves and vessels)

fissure

long crack or valley

sinus

small with small discrete hole, or a chamber w/in bone filled with air

origin

muscle begins (doesnt move)

insertion

muscle joins to move a bone

action

movement resulting from concentric contraction

prime mover

muscle mainly responsible for performing a listed movement

antagonist

PM responsible for the opposing movement of an action

synergists

assist the PM

types of tissue

epithelial,connective,muscle,neural

epithelial characteristics

avascular- regeneration- polarity (basal& apical membrane)- attached to basement membrane- closely bound (cell junctions) little extracellular materials btwn

connective tissue characteristics

comes from mesenchyme- different vascularity (bone-high/cartlidge/none)- lots of extracellular matrix

muscle characteristics

vascular- innercated- contractile protiens (actin/myosin)

nervous characteristics

generates/conducts electricity- no division/regeneration

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