Protist/Fungi (with pictures)

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Animal-like Protists

These organisms are also called protozoans

Fungi

These are multicellular eukaryotes with cell walls made of chitin

Fungus

Forms a lichen with an algae

Plant-like Protists

These make their own food through photosynthesis

Fungus-like Protists

Protists that are heterotrophs

Animal-like Protists

These are classified by how they move

Fungus-like Protists

These are protists that absorb their nutrients from other organisms

Fungi

These contain hyphae and mycelia

Fungi

This is a source of penicillin and cyclosporin

Animal-like Protists

Can cause African Sleeping Sickness and Chagas disease

Fungi

These can cause oral thrush, athlete's foot and ringworm

Fungi

Decomposers that can be used to clean the environment of pollutants

An example of a ciliate

Paramecium

An example of a sarcodine

Amoeba

Called phytoplankton if unicellular

Algae

Have cartenoids, store food as oil and cell walls made of silica

Diatoms

These are bioluminescent and produce blooms

Dinoflagellates

Examples are mushrooms and this is their common name

Club Fungi

Chrysophytes

These are the yellow, golden brown algae

Brown algae

Kelp, large plant-like organisms, have bladders to keep them floating

Green algae

Examples of this include volvox, desmids and spirogyra

Red Algae

These live in very deep water

Euglenoids

These have flagella and can either be heterotrophs or photosynthesize

Zygomycetes

Bread mold; spores contained in structures called sproangia

Sac Fungi

Spores are called conidia and are in a sac called an ascus

Bacillariophyta

Diatoms belong to this phylum

Pyrophyta

Dinoflagellates belong to this phylum

Euglenophyta

Euglenoids belong to this phylum

Phaeophyta

Brown algae belong to this phylym

Zygomycota

Bread mold belongs to this phylum

Ascomycota

Sac fungi belong to this phylum

Basiodmycota

Club fungi belong to this phylum

Myxomycota

Acellular slime molds belong to this phylum

Acrasiomycota

Cellular slime molds belong to this phylum

Eukaryote

Cells with a nucleus and organelles

Cilia

Hair-like projections uses for movement and to help usher food into the oral groove

Trichocysts

An elongated, cylindrical structure that can discharge a spine-like structure used for defense or to capture prey.

Contractile Vacoule

Structure in which excess water (from osmosis) is collected then pumped out.

Pellicle

Paremecium are enclosed by a layer of membrane called this; this structure in euglenoids helps it crawl through mud

Micronucleus

This structure is used for reproduction in ciliates

Macronucleus

This structure contains multiple copies of the cell's genome which controls the everyday functions such as feeding, waste elimination and water balance.

Pseudopod

Temporary extension of cytoplasm; this is how the amoeba moves (structures at A)

Test

These are found in foraminiferans and radiolarians (which are types of amoebas); a hard, porous covering that surrounds the cell membrane, similar to a shell

Spores

Reproductive cells that form without fertilization and produce a new organism (cloudy mist are the microscopic structures)

Flagella

In euglenoids, these help propel them toward food or light.

Eyespot

A light-sensitive receptor that helps guide the euglenoid toward light for photosynthesis

Alternation of Generations

A life cycle of algae that takes two generations - one sexually and one asexually

Gametophyte

This is the haploid form of an organism because it produces gametes

Sporophyte

This is the diploid form of the organism; they divide by meiosis

Mycelium

Many hyphae tangled together to form a thick mass

Saprobe

These organisms obtain food from decaying organic matter

Budding

Unicellular yeast cells reproduce by this asexual process; a new cell develops while attached to the parent cell

Fragmentation

A form of asexual reproduction that occurs when the mycelium of a fungus is broken apart

Stolons

Type of mold hyphae that spread across the surface of food

Rhizoids

Another type of mold hyphae that penetrates food and absorb nutrients

Sac; bag

The prefix asco- means

Green

The prefix cholor- means

True; good

The prefix eu- means

Whip

The prefix flagell- means

Nucleus

The prefix karyo- means

Large

The prefix macro- means

Small

The prefix micro- means

Fungi

The prefix myc- means

Plant

The prefix phyto- means

Foot

The suffix -pod (or -ped, -pede) means

Before; primary

The prefix proto- means

False

The prefix pseudo- means

Carry; bear

The suffix -phore means

Root

The prefix rhiz- means

Seed

The prefix sporo- means

Together; with

The prefix sym- means

Poison

The prefix tox- means

Thread-like

The prefix trich- means

Animal

The prefix zoo- means

Decay

The prefix sapro- means

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