When were echo boomers born?
1977 - 1994
When were baby boomers born?
1946 - 1964
How cohort size is defined
greatest number of years any member of a species has been known to survive (120 years)
average number of years people in a given population can expect to live
Number of males to every 100 females
Why do young people migrate?
-better job opportunities
Why is demography related to the war on terror?
Strong relationship between youth bulges and political violence - lack of jobs for young people
Why won't the baby boomers consume the federal budget?
-population projections are just estimates
-today's elderly are healthier, wealthier, and better educated than any older generation
Why did the fertility rate drop dramatically between 1971 and 1980?
-birth control pill
-increase in educational opportunities for women
-female labor force participation
What is the leading cause of death for people over 65?
When did the greatest declines in mortality occur?
1940s (infant and maternal mortality), 1970s (heart disease)
By how many years can women live longer than men?
6 (79 v. 73 years)
After age 85, the mortality rate for Blacks falls below that of whites.
Why is the high proportion of women among the oldest-old a problem?
Majority of older women are single, and single women have the highest poverty rates.