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next fridays exam 24th

Anthropology as a discipline emerged following which world event

B European exploration and colonialism

Before anthropology , which of the following narrative explained human diversity and other cosmic questions

A Biblical framework

Which of the following is not true about Armchair Anthropology

D All of the above

In your text, the term "other" is used to refer to non western peoples . This term is problematic because

C Using the term is ethocentric and stereotypes other cultures

For many blank anthropologists , the goal of anthropology is to explain patterns of cultural difference and similarity , as well as the patterns of cultural change

A Scientific

According to the theory proposed by Charles Darwin

D All of the above

The anthropologists of the 19th century adopted the biological evolutionary theory and believed that cultures transformed over time into more complex and superior cultures.

B Unilineal Evolutionists

According to the unilineal evolutionists, the non- western cultures being documented in the 19th century were

C In an earlier stage of cultural evolution

The scholars who are considered the first cultural anthropologists were

A Unilinean Evolutionists

The theory of unilineal evolution

D All of these are true unilineal evolution

Who is considered the father of American anthropology

C Franz Boas

From the perspective of blank , every culture is a unique product of its own historical events and circumstances

C Historical Particularlism

Which of these early anthropologists championed historical particularism

B Franz Boas

Where did historical particularism first emerge

USA

Franz Boas believed that anthropologists

C should gather more fatcual information about other cultures by conducting fieldwork

Which of these is not a contribution of Franz Boas to field of anthropology

D All of these are contributions boas

Which of these anthropologists first popularized neoevolutionism as an important methodological principle?

A Leslie white and Julian Steward

According to text book, the primary criticism of historical particularism is that

A overlooks the ways in which cultures are similar

Blank explains cultural features by the benefits those cultural features provide to members of the society

D Funcationalism

Who is credited with establishing functionalism to the field of anthropology

A Bronislaw Malinowski

Which of these has become a major issue within the development of a global anthropology

A Representation of different cultures without prejudice

The neoevolutionist, Leslie White

A thought that technological changes caused changes in many areas of culture

Which of the following are theories that anthropologists use today

D A and C are correct

The question of representation is of concern primarily for blank anthropologists

B Humanistic

Humanistic anthropologists do not believe a science of culture is possible because

D All of these are arguements of humanistic anthropology against a scientific approach

Which of the following looks at culture as a system of adaptation to the natural world

B Scientific approach

What is the purpose of anthropological research

B to record descriptions of specific peoples and explain cultural diversity

Anthropological research that collects and records descriptive data about the cultures of different peoples is called

A Ethnography

This process of explaining the diversity of cultural systems in the past and present called

C Ethnology

Margaret Mead conducted fieldwork in New Guinea before and after WWII to see how the culture changed following the war. In anthropology, this type of research is called

D Diachronic research

What does ethnographic fieldwork consist of

D all of these are part of ethnographic fieldwork

When an anthropologist asks a limit number of questions , for example about economic status or size of families , this is called blank

C a structured interview

Which of these statements aobut unstructured interview is true

A is often open ended questions used to understand how certain systems are performed in a given culture

Which of the following is a limitation of interviewing as a fieldwork method

D All of the above are possible limitation

To document practices that have largely disappeared , that some older people may recall form their youth , which method would an anthropologist use

C Recall ethnography

In order to understand the basic dynamics of cultural systems , Bronislaw Malinowski introduced and popularized the method of

B Participant obervation

Engaging in participant observation requires

B Living with a group of people for an extended period of time to understand all aspects of people's life

Which of these is a benefit of conducting participant observation

D All of these are benefits of participant observation

Which of these is not commonly used by anthropologists

A telephone interviews

Non western peoples often have preconceived ideas about Westerners, believing for example that anthropologists are making alot of money fro mtheir research . This is one aspect of the problem of blank that affects virtually every fieldwork situation

A Stereotyping

According to the code of ethics of American Anthropological Association, the primary obligation of the anthropologists is to

A the people of the community being studied

What is Key informant

A a local expert with whom the ethnographer spends much time

The psychological and often physiological symptoms that one develops in response to being in unfamilar environment , eating strange foods, without anyone with whom to share one's feelings of anxiety , is termed blank

B Culture shock

Why most anthropologists view fieldwork as rite of passage

D a and B are correct

What is the study of past culturall systems through the use of written records called

C Ethnohistory

Which of the following is an ethnohistorian primarily interested in

D reconstructing the cultural system of people

In order to formulate generalizations concerning cultural systems , anthropogists must use blank

A comparative methods

In order to make cross cultural comparisons anthropologists

B test hypotheses by testing for correlationd between particular cultural variables

The method that compares diachronic data while controlling for historical and enivronmental factors called blank

C controlled comparisons

To investigate the question of whether matrilineal or partilineal systems adapt better to changing conditions, which research method is most appropriate

C controlled comparisons

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