What present day countries make up what was ancient india?
Pakistan, India, Bangladesh
What geographical feature separates the Indian subcontinent from the rest of Asia?
Name 3 crops and 3 animals that early farmers raised in the Indus River valley?
Rice, peas, barley
Sheeps, goats, cattle
Why was the flooding both good and bad in ancient India?
Could ruin crops, drown livestock and people and destroy villages
What is the function of a citadel?
A fort-like structure that protects government buildings and grainaries.
How do we know that Herappan products were traded to far away places?
Historians discovered Harappon stone seals as far away as Mesopotamia.
What 3 reasons do archaeologists believe might have led to the collapse of the Mohenjo-Daro and Harappan civilizations
Invaders, floods, earthquakes
What made up the foundation of the Aryan religion?
Describe the different groups that made up the various parts of ancient Indias society.
C. Body & legs
Body & legs- Vaisyas
Describe the untouchables.
People at the very bottom of the social order, outside and beneath the caste system.
Name the 3 most important gods in the Hindu religion.
One of the basic beliefs of Hinduism deals with the soul. Describe this belief.
Both people and animals have a soul and are reborn into another soul after death (reincarnated)
Whose idea about reincarnation became the foundation for the religion called Buddhism?
How did this mans life change change after he ventured out of the royal palace?
He abandoned his royalnlife and set out to find out why miseries exist.
What is the difference between the Eightfold Path and the Middle Way?
The Eight fold path is part of the 4 noble truths, and the Middle Way helps them stay on the Eightfold Path
How are Hinduism and Buddhism different?
Buddhism does not focus on gods.
List two ways in which Hinduism and Buddhism are alike
Believed in reincarnation, and believed in nonviolence (ahimsa)
What ideas did Mohandas Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Borrow from Jainism?
Peaceful action (nonviolence)
How was ancient India ruled before and after the founding of the Maurya Empire?
Before-many city-states were ruled by it's own leader. After-they had one leader who they united together-King Chandragupta Maurya
How did Ashoka change after conquering Kalinga?
He was filled with regret and changed from a cruel ruler to a peace loving ruler
What type of metal is ancient India known for producing?
Name 2 ways Indian doctors made advances in medicine?
Helping people live healthier and longer lives, developed ways of setting broken bones, and helped women with childbirth.