The inability to do something specific, walk or hear.
A disadvantage in a particular situation sometimes caused by a disability
Ability or abilities to acquire and use knowledge for solving problems and adapting to the world.
G - general intelligence
A general factor in cognitive development that is related in varying degrees to performance on all mental tests.
Mental efficiency, nonverbal abilities grounded in brain development.
Ability to apply culturally approved problem solving methods
Theory of multiple intelligences
Gardner - 8 separate abilities Logical -mathematical, linguistic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist
Triarchic theory of successful intelligence
three part description of mental abilites that lead to more or less intelligent behavior.
the ability to deal effectively with novel situations
Learning to perform a behavior or thinking process so thoroughly that the performance is automatic and does not require effort.
In intelligence testing a performance that represents average abilities for that age group
Intelligence quotient IQ
A score comparing mental and chronological ages
Statistical comparison of an individuals performance with the avg performance of others in that age group.
Because of better health Smaller families, increased complexity in the environment, and more and better schooling, IQ test scores are steadily rising.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
Free public education for all children regardless of disability
Free and Appropriate Public Education
Public funding to support appropriate educational programs for all students no matter the needs.
A Basic principle f IDEA that states no student with a disability can be denied a free public education
Least Restrictive Environment
Educating each child with peers in the regular classroom to the greatest extent possible
Teaching children with disabilities in regular classrooms for part of or all of their school day
Fitting the child with special needs into existing class structures
The integration of all students including those with disabilities into regular classes
Individualized Education Plan
Annually Revised program for an identified student, detailing present achievement level, goals and strategies drawn up by teachers, parents, specialists and if possible the student.
Civil Rights law preventing discrimination against persons with disabilities in employment, transportation, public access, local govt. and telecommunications
Problem with acquisition and use of language; may show up as difficulty with reading, writing reasoning or math.
The expectation based on previous experiences woth a lack of control, that all one's efforts will lead to failure
Attention-Deficit hyperactivity Disorder
Disruptive behavior disorders marked by overactivity, excessive difficulty sustaining attention, or impulsiveness
Inability to produce sounds effectively for speaking
Any of a variety of pronunciation difficulties such as substitution, distortion or omission of sounds
Inappropriate pitch, quality, loudness or intonation
Emotional and behavioral disorders
Behaviors or emotions that deviate so much from the norm that they interfere with the childs own growth and development and/ or the lives of others- inappropriate behaviors, unhappiness or depression,fears and anxieties, trouble with relationships
Intellectual disabilities/Mental retardation
Significantly below average intellectual and adaptive social behavior evident before age 18
Gradual preparation of students with special needs to move from high school into further education or training, employment or community involvement
Condition involving a range of motor or coordination difficulties due to brain damage
Overly tight or tense muscles, characteristic of some forms of Cerebral Palsy
Disorder marked by seizures and caused by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain
Generalized Seizure/(tonic-clonic seizure)
A seizure involving a large portion of the brain