Medical Terminology: Urinary

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Medical Terminology 121 COM

anuria

absence of urine formation

azotemia

presence of increased amounts of nitrogenous waste products in the blood

bladder

urinary - muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

catheter

flexible, tube-like device, for withdrawing or instilling fluids

cystocele

protrusion of the bladder

cystography

radiographic imaging of the bladder

cystorrhaphy

suturing of the bladder

cystolith

stone in the bladder

diuresis

condition of urine passing through (increased amount of urnine)

dysuria

difficult or painful urination

enuresis

involuntary urination

epispadias

congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis

ESWL

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

fulguration

destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to destroy bladder growths)

glomerulus

cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.

hematuria

blood in the urine

hilum

indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distention of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)

hypospadias

congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis, a similar defect can occur in the female

incontinence

inability to control bladder and/or bowels

kidney

organs that remove waste products from the blood

KUB

a simple radiographic image of the abdomen

lithotripsy

surgical crushing of a stone or calculus

meatal

pertaining to the meatus

meatotomy

incision of the urinary meatus

micturate

to urinate or void

nephroblastoma

kidney tumor containing developing cells (malignant tumor) (also called Wilms' tumor)

nephrogram

radiographic image of the kidney

nephrohypertrophy

excessive developement (increase in size) of the kidney

nephrolithiasis

condition of stone(s) in the kidney

nephrology

study of the kidney

nephrolysis

separating the kidney (from other body structures)

nephroma

tumor of the kidney

nephroptosis

drooping kidney

nephropexy

surgical fixation of the kidney

nephrotomogram

sectional radiographic image of the kidney

nocturia

night urination

oliguria

scanty urine

polyuria

much (excessive urine)

pyelitis

inflamation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis

inflamation of the renal pelvis and kidney

pyeloplasty

surgical repair of the renal pelvis

pyuria

puss in the urine

renal pelvis

funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter

renogram

(graphic) record of the kidney

intravenous urogram

radiographic image of the urinary tract

specific gravity

a test performed on a urine specimen to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys

UA

multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen

uremia

condition of urea in the blood

ureter

tubes that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder

ureterolithiasis

condition of stones in the ureters

ureteroscopy

visual examination of the ureter

ureterostenosis

narrowing of the ureter

urethra

lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the the urethra and the bladder

urethroplasty

surgical repair of the urethra

urethroscope

instrument used for visual examination of the urethra

urinalysis

multiple routine tests perfromed on a urine specimen

urinary meatus

opening through which the urine passes to the outside

urinary retention

abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate

urinary suppression

sudden stopage of urine formation

urodynamics

pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract

urologist

a physician who studies and treats diseases of the urinary tract

UTI

infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract

vesicotomy

incision of the bladder

void

to empty or evacuate waste material, especially urine

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney

nephritis

inflammation of the the kidney

nephromegaly

enlargement of the kidney

ureteritis

inflammation of the ureter

ureterocele

protrusion of a ureter (distally into the bladder)

polycystic kidney disease

condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged

renal calculus

stone in the kidney

renal failure

loss of kidney function resulting in its inability to remove waste products from the body and maintain electrolyte balance

renal hypertension

elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease

cystectomy

excision of the bladder

cystolithotomy

incision of the bladder to remove a stone

cystorrhaphy

suturing the bladder

cystostomy

creating an artificial opening into the bladder

cystotomy, vesicotomy

incision into the bladder

nephrectomy

excision of the kidney

nephrolithotomy

incision of a kidney to remove a stone

nephrolithotripsy

surgical crushing of a stone in the kidney

nephrostomy

creation of an artificial opening into the kidney

pyelolithotomy

incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone

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