Rhetorical Devices

84 terms by JenniA

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Hypophora

Similar to a rhetorical question except that the person asks it because they are going to answer it.
The purpose is to get the audience thinking, questions make you brain immediately try to answer it. It's easier to sway to your answer.

Hypophora

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Why should I care what politicians do in Washington? Well, for one, they are planning to increase taxes."

Catachresis

Use an unusual metaphor in an odd way.
The purpose is to create figurative language and add interest.

Catachresis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I shall speak daggers to her."

Paraprosdokian

Odd or unusual ending to a sentence.
The purpose is to create surprise and drama in a sentence, juxtapose two things, show extremity or opposition.

Paraprosdokian

What is the following rhetorical device:
"She is so nice, and pretty, and popular. I hate her."

Asyndeton

Lack of use of conjunctions in a list of items.
The purpose is to show that the list is not done.

Asyndeton

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I love pizza, tacos, cheese, chocolate, gummy bears, pickles."

Polysyndeton

Use of multiple conjunctions for items in a list.
The purpose is to make the list seem longer than it is and emphasize that length. It can also be used to imply some relationship between those items.

Polysyndeton

What is the following rhetorical device:
"In my class i have Bobby and Jenny, Kevin and Lisa, Frank and Susan, John and Anne."

Anaphora

Repetition at the beginning of the sentence or phrase.
The purpose is to create cadence and repeat main idea.

Anaphora

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I have a dream..."

Epistrophe

Repetition at end of phrase or sentence.
The purpose is to create cadence and repeat the main idea.

Epistrophe

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Don't you ever talk about my friends! You don't know any of my friends. You don't look at any of my friends. And you certainly wouldn't condescend to speak to any of my friends."

Eponym

Referring to something by someone famous associated with it.
The purpose is to reduce repetition, add interest and figurative language.

Eponym

What is the following rhetorical device:
"The crowd parted reluctantly, and Lance Armstrong glided off, Batmanning through the crowd toward the start line."

Zeugma

Grammatical linking of two words.
The purpose is to add figurative language, reduce wordiness and repetition, and show the relationship of words and pairs of words.

Zeugma

What is the following rhetorical device:
"He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men."

Apophasis

Seeming to pass over something in order to call attention to it.

Apophasis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I find it interesting that it was back in the 1970s that the swine flu broke out then under another Democrat president, Jimmy Carter. And I'm not blaming this on President Obama. I just think it's an interesting coincidence."

Anadiplosis

Using the last word of a sentence as the start of the next sentence.
The purpose is to put emphasis and weight to the item.

Anadiplosis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Aboard my ship, excellent performance is standard. Standard performance is sub-standard. Sub-standard performance is not permitted to exist."

Epanalepsis

Repeat the first word or phrase at end of sentence

Epanalepsis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my cause, and be silent, that you may hear: believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe."

Epizeuxis

Repetition of a single word in immediate succession.

Epizeuxis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"All I have to say about that party was lame, lame, lame!"

Aposiopesis

Intentional cutting off of a sentence
The purpose is to allow the reader or listener to think ahead.

Aposiopesis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I will have such revenges on you both
That all the world shall--I will do things--
What they are yet, I know not; but they shall be
The terrors of the earth!"

Antiphrasis

Using a word that is opposite of an item or person to describe it or name it.
The purpose is to emphasize the extremity.

Antiphrasis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"If 'Mini-me' were named Giant Jim."

Apostrophe

A sudden turn from the general audience to a group or specific person in that audience.
The purpose is to draw specific people closer to discussion.

Apostrophe

What is the following rhetorical device:
"So we must band together as one United Nation, ladies you know what I mean by that."

Enumeratio

To enumerate points or ideas.

Enumeratio

What is the following rhetorical device:
"First, we go to the store. Second, we buy food. Third, we eat the food."

Exemplum

Citing an anecdote or narrative story as proof.
The purpose is to show you personally know or have experienced what is happening or someone you know has.

Exemplum

What is the following rhetorical device:
"The story of their hose servant in "Life Free and Starve".

Analogy

A comparison to things or aspects of things by relating them to other items or situation.
The purpose is to create a comparison or reference point for things the audience may or may not be familiar with.

Analogy

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Writing a book of poetry is like dropping a rose petal down the Grand Canyon and waiting for the echo."

Metonym

Using something associated with something to represent it.
The purpose is to add variety and avoid repetition.

Metonym

What is the following rhetorical device:
"The stars and stripes to represent the U.S. and the crown representing England."

Synecdoche

When you use part of something to represent the whole thing.
The purpose is that it is figurative language to create variety, reduce repetition, and add interest.

Synecdoche

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Get your behind over here; All eyes on me."

Hyperbole

Obvious over-exaggeration
The purpose is to demonstrate an already over abundant item.

Hyperbole

What is the following rhetorical device:
"I was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far."

Understatement

The purposeful lessening in number or severity.
The purpose is to downplay a large number or decrease the significance or impact of the item.

Understatement

What is the following rhetorical device:
(She has many shoes) "I have a couple of pairs."

Juxtaposition

The placing of two things side by side.
The purpose is to highlight their similarities and differences.

Antithesis

The placing of two polar opposites side by side.

Antithesis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Sally is the most noble person I know; in contrast to Tristan who is completely evil."

Procatalepsis

Give into an argument's point in order to move on.
The purpose is that it helps you move past the basics of an argument into the deeper details. Also, it helps you to channel an argument away from certain issues or parts of the issue.

Procatalepsis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"'I know what you're going to say. 'That if they look at it properly they'll see that it wasn't our fault. But will they look at it properly? Of course they won't. You know what cats they are. They're only waiting for a chance. What I mean is that this is just the chance they've been waiting for."'

Scesis Onomatton

List of synonyms
The purpose is to emphasize the extremity of the description

Scesis Onomaton

What is the following rhetorical device:
"The day has been dark, gloomy, rainy, and tiring."

Sententia

Quoting a wise saying or maxim as proof in a situation.
The purpose is to gain ethos for persuasion

Sententia

What is the following rhetorical device:
"A wise man once said if someone harms you, learn to turn the other cheek."

Diacope

Repetition of a word or phrase after an interrupting word or phrase.
The purpose is for emphasis and sincerity.

Diacope

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Scott Farkus staring out at us with his yellow eyes. He had yellow eyes! So help me, God! Yellow eyes!"

Dirimens Copulatio

Mentioning a balancing or opposing fact to prevent the argument from being one-sided or unqualified.
The purpose is to qualify a statement or even sold balance.

Dirmens Copulatio

What is the following rhetorical device:
"This car is durable and sturdy. If you abuse it, it will break."

Metaphor

Implied comparison between two things
The purpose is to add figurative language, reduce wordiness and repetition, show relationship of words, add deep description

Metaphor

What is the following rhetorical device:
"The rain came down in long knitting needles."

Simile

Comparision with like or as

Paradox

Use of opposites to describe something that gets to some deeper meaning or truth.

Paradox

What is the following rhetorical device:
"If you love until it hurts, there can be no more hurt, only more love."

Chiasmus

Opposite word order where second part or following sentence is equal to the first.
The purpose is to create balance and juxtaposition

Chiasmus

What is the following rhetorical device:
"You forget what you want to remember, and you remember what you want to forget."

Hyperbaton

Switch word order

Hyperbaton

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man."

Climax

Building via syntax or rhythm to most important part.
The purpose is to provide tension and suspense and adds interest.

Climax

What is the following rhetorical device:
"My brother need not be idealized, or enlarged in death beyond what he was in life; to be remembered simply as a good and decent man, who saw wrong and tried to right it, saw suffering and tried to heal it, saw war and tried to stop it.

Vera Causa

Simple Cause. Attributing something occurring to only one source.
The purpose is to place blame and attribute "fault" or to oversimplify a cause to call attention to its affect.

Vera Causa

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Kids these days are not as focused as students 25 years ago. It is the drugs."

Litotes

Form of understatement that uses not in order to describe or not describe something.
The purpose is for political correctness and avoiding a direct answer.

Litotes

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Is he good looking? He has a great personality."

Metanoi

What one restates, reword for clarification
The purpose is to clarify, more detailed, aid audience

Metanoi

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Kreuz Market is the ultimate barbecue restaurant--no, scratch that--barbecue experience in Central Texas."

Metabasis

Sum argument into a short summary.
The purpose is to remind the audience of main points and move argument on, or in different direction.

Metabasis

What is the following rhetorical device:
"In short, drugs are bad."

Aporia

Expresses doubt about an idea or conclusion but the person decides not to pursue it.
The purpose is to get your own thoughts or ideas out there.

Aporia

What is the following rhetorical device:
"My husband taping plumbing together and I say, 'I don't think that will work, but go on and try it.'"

Portmanteau

When terms do not appropriately or accurately describe so they are combined.

Portmanteau

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Brunch, smog, motel"

Archaism

Older, absolute form

Archaism

What is the following rhetorical device:
"Where art thou?"

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