Political idea where one ruler has all the power
Abolish Slave Trade
Getting rid of trading humans
Legal segregation of whites and blacks in Africa
Type of government ruled by a king or queen who has total power
Ideas that are not based on facts
Created when countries make agreements or pacts to protect each other
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability. GB and France did it to Hitler prior to World War II.
used by the US in order to destroy Japan and led to arms race during the Cold War
a large-scale farming enterprise
tied up with the counter culture, opposition to the war in Vietnam, many Americans upset at involvment, upset at the violence committed against the north Vietnamese, dovetailed with the civil rights movement
law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies
large and powerful companies
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation (favoring one side over the other)
a nonmilitary citizen
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
the process by which one nation takes over another nation, usually for the purpose of exploiting its labor and natural resources
Group that is being occupied by a foreign country
Group that does the occupying of another territory
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the government.
important aspects of a society including churches, museums, music halls, etc.
system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all
The exchange of information between people
cooperation v. conflict
2 ways to solve a problem
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
the struggle among producers for the dollars of consumers
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Conformity in the application of something, typically that which is necessary for the sake of logic, accuracy, or fairness
Credibility of sources
evaluating how reliable or trustworthy a source/author is
methods used by people of an area to make requests and demands for policies. ex. protests, petitions,
Civil Rights Advocate
a person who fights for African American rights, ex. M.L.K. Jr.
Civil Rights movement
a social movement in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, in which people organized to demand equal rights for African Americans and other minorities. People worked together to change unfair laws. They gave speeches, marched in the streets, and participated in boycotts.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources
a business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
Counter Culture Movement
Movement during the 60s and 70s where (mainly) young adults rejected the social norms and the ways of their parents; some described as "hippies;" were for women's rights, desegregation, sexual freedom, no more war, experimenting with drugs, issues with authority, etc
all the knowledge and values shared by a society
refusal to obey unjust laws
clear and present danger
A principle established by the Supreme Court that limits free speech if the words will bring about negative consequences ex. yelling "fire" in a crowded building
compelling government interest
A government interest sufficiently strong that it overrides the fundamental rights of persons adversely affected by government action
person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons
requirements or standards used to make a decision or judgement
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
government in which one person or a small group holds complete authority and often restricts citizen freedoms and has secret police.
the reduction of armed forces and weapons
Issues relating to a country's internal matters
households and families and formal organizations such as corporations, government agencies, banks, labor unions, and cooperatives (things that deal money)
movement of individuals out of an area
movement during the 1700's that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society
certain groups within a country that are upset and often mistreated with violent acts
the utilization of another person for selfish purposes (taking advantage of someone who is weaker)
The improvement of living standards by economic growth.
a guarantee that government and private institutions will not discriminate against people on the basis of factors such as race, religion, age, gender, or disability.
freedom of enterprise
Ensures that entrepreneurs and private businesses are free to obtain and use economic resources to produce their choice of goods and services and to sell them in their chosen markets.
a nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
a series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
a national government
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
the process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
Belief in equality of men and women, regardless of their age
Areas of land that has their own characterisitics.
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
is the physical movement by people from one area to another
sets of beliefs about politics and society that help people make sense of their world
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
The native way of talking
The native people in an area
the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850.
the process of developing machine production of goods
A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population per 1,000 births
the effect of one thing (or person) on another
exchanging goods and services between countries
the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
movements across countries borders ex. Women's rights
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing population
A disaster requires the involvement of the international community of responders when a nation's capability to responds has become overwhelmed.
the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial. We did it to Japanese-Americans in WWII because we thought they might be spies.
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
educated people who think deeply about things
a relationship between countries in which they rely on one another for resources, goods, or services
organization of people who share political, social or other goals; and agree to try to influence public policy to achieve those goals.
Jim Crow Laws
State laws formerly pervasive throughout the South requiring public facilities and accommodations to be segregated by race; ruled unconstitutional.
productive work (especially physical work done for wages)
An error in reasoning that renders an argument invalid.
the source of trained people from which workers can be hired
a union that supports public policies designed to increase wages, obtain adequate health insurance coverage, provide unemployment insurance, promote safe working conditions, and otherwise protect the interests of workers
a policy that states that the government should intervene as little as possible in the direction of economic affairs
To free someone or a group from unjust political, economic, or social conditions
a written statement that unfairly or falsely harms the reputation of the person about whom it is made; (v.) to write or publish such a statement
representatives of interest groups who contact lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Having to do with the build up of the armed forces and weapons of a country
changes in a nation that enable it to set up a stable government and produce a high level of goods and services (becoming more up to date)
A government ruled by a king or queen
an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
economic system that combines both private ownership and government ownership of the means of production
Describes a time period in the Early Cold War in which people were unscrupulously accused of being disloyal (as by saying they were Communists)
A social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business people, and wealthy farmers
(n.) a movement from one country or region to another
a group of people or things that is a small part of a much larger group
The process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war
Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
term applied to agencies of mass communication, such as newspapers, magazines, and telecommunications
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
materials found in nature that are used by living things especially in factories
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
Organization that worked to get equal opportunities in the work place and politics (not voting) for women
ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
the state of being kept down by unjust use of force or authority
Items involving actions by the government
The movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in their interest.
Political Action Groups
Organizations set up by private groups to influence the political process by raising funds from their members.
a person's political beliefs and positions
the inputs used to produce the goods and services that people want
groups of people who organize to help elect government officials and influence government policies
how people think or feel about particular things
Govt can limit rights to protect the good of people- evacuating an area during natural disaster, implementing a curfew for teens
Fighting that is always going on in a region
A point of view , the position from which a person looks at an issue
Cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
whatever is owned by individuals rather than by government
the maximum output that an economy can produce without big increases in inflation
protecting domestic manufacturers from foreign competition by imposing tariffs and quotas on imported goods
government in which voters elect representatives to a lawmaking body which chooses a prime minister to head the government
material distributed by those in favor of a specific cause and reflecting their point of view
the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
2 types of information-one is a first hand account the other is based on that
Per unit of population; per person
limitations on the amount of specific products that may be imported from certain countries during a given time period
political changes to make things better
people who flee their country because of persecution or danger
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
Rural to urban migration
motivated by the modernization and mechanization of agriculture. As farms became larger and more machine intensive, human labor became less necessary. The surplus population becomes poor so they move to cities.
bring together to parts of a country under one government (ex: Germany)
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
Eastern European countries conquered by the U.S.S.R. during the Cold War.
system of statuses, roles, values, and norms that is organized to satisfy one or more of the basic needs of society
Council of workers and soldiers set up by Russian revolutionaries in 1917
Standard of living
the quality of life based on the possession of necessities and luxuries that make life easier
the state of being under the control of another person
unrest with society, classes, priveleges, religion
Stock market speculation
engagement in business transactions involving considerable risk but offering the chance of large gains, esp. trading in commodities, stocks, etc., in the hope of profit from changes in the market price
Workers concentrate on producing those goods and services for which they have a competitive advantage.
Movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early nineteenth century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the twentieth century.
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
the right to vote
of or relating to fabrics or fabric making
tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
A Russian term for "Caesar" or ruler; the authoritarian rulers of the Russian empire before its collapse in the 1917 revolution
a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods
taxes on imports
economic system that relies on habit, custom, or ritual to decide questions of production and consumption of goods and services
governments ruled by religious authorities
an unproved statement put forward as a premise in an argument
exchange or give (something) in exchange for
workers began to organize to improve wages and working conditions
movement of people from rural areas to cities
Poor city planning resulted in poor conditions in cities as a result of large numbers of people moving in
a country that is considered very strong by other countries
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
machine noise could be deafening, poor lighting and ventilation, frequent fires and accidents were caused by fatigue, faulty equipment, and careless training
gave women the right to vote
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18