1. The Three Emperors' League included:
Germany, Russia, and Austria
2. By the early 1880s, Bismarck had succeeded in isolating:
3. The Triple Entrente included al of the following:
Russia, Britain, France
15. During the 19th century, the British added to their holdings in all of the following EXCEPT:
16. Which of the following is NOT a result of the Congress of Berlin of 1878?
18. All of the following were common justifications for the new imperialism EXCEPT:
19. For the most of the 19th century, Egypt was semi-independent province of:
20. The United States became an imperial and Pacific power int he aftermath of:
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
AKA Congo Conference, was called to divide Africa amongst the more powerful European nations. Arranged by Bismarck, it was intended to help Germany colonize because Germany was new to Imperialism. It resulted to the "scramble for Africa."
Otto Von Bismarck
The current chancellor of Germany. Wanted peace amongst the European countries. Tried protecting the welfare of Germany by taking it in and out of alliances. Bitches with Kaiser William II and is dismissed in 1890.
War between Britain and rebelling Boers. Britain burned crops and created concentration camps. Britain won
Congress of Berlin
Brought together by Bismarck, ended the Russo-Turkish War and prevented European war. Peace was kept thru the Ottoman Empire; Russians obtained Batum and Kars, Romania and Serbia gained independence, recognized Montenegro as an independent state, and divided Bulgaria into 3 zones still within the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary was to "occupy and administer" Bosnia.
A secret treaty between Austria and Germany that provided they would come to each other's aid if Russia attacked either of them
A series of agreements between Britain and France. Not formal treaty and had no military provisions. Britain gave France a "free hand" in Morocco in return for French recognition of British control in Egypt.
English radical economist who's work was adapted by Lenin
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically or socially
British term associated with patriotism. This phrase is associated with British and Russian conflicts regarding the Dardanelles in 1870s
Formed the Bolsheviks and criticized imperialism
Open Door Policy
American government instates a policy saying that all nations have equal rights to trade anywhere in China
"Sick Man of Europe"
AKA the Ottoman Empire The other countries were waiting for it to "just die already" so they could partition it for themselves
Created by Bismarck. Germany and Russia promised to remain neutral if either was attacked. However, it wasn't renewed in 1890 which led to Germany's isolation
War between Japan and Russia over Manchurian territory; Russia lost. Japan won.
"Scramble for Africa"
Wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain got eastern Africa, France got northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.
War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. Resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
"Splendid Isolation" (Great Britain)
Germany: Hey Britain! You wanna join the Triple alliance! Then we'd be Quadruple!
Britain: Oh Heavens no! I am rather delighted here enjoying my _________ __________.
Built by the French in 1869 and brought Egypt's economic downfall
"The White Man's Burden"
Poem by Rudyard Kipling that was critical towards imperialism. Saw the world as Eurocentric and criticized the "white man's" need to westernize other cultures.
Three Emperors' League
Conservative alliance that linked the monarchs of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia against radical movements. Bismark wanted this so that, if in war, Germany would only have to fight WESTERN FRONT.
Italy joins the secret alliance of Austria and Germany
Alliance between Russia, Britain, and France signed an agreement that meant, if one of these countries were to be attacked by neighboring countries, the other two would help defend their country. Wanted to stop Germany's growing of power. Prior to WWI.
William II (Germany)
He dismissed Bismark, and would not renew the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia, causing Germany to have to fight a two-front war. Led Germany to defeat. The kaiser wanted a navy and colonies like Britain.
Congress of Berlin
This treaty averted war for the time being but left both the Russians and Turks dissatisfied and later was one of the causes for the First World War.
In the last 3rd of the 19th century, European states expanded their control over 1/5 of the world's land and 1/10 of its population. This expansion was driven by developments in agriculture, science, tech., transportation, communication and military weapons
Motives of New Imperialism:
1. Economic: Imperialism as monopolistic form of capitalism JA Hobson and Lenin
2. Extend European culture and Christianity
3. Colonies would attract Europe's surplus population
A policy of controlling land by a distant nation
All of the following were technological innovations crucial to European imperialistic expansion:
1. machine guns
JA Hobson maintains all of the following regarding imperialistic:
1. Diverted attention from much needed domestic reform
2. Resulted from capitalists search for investment
3. Benefited small # of private interests
The principal by which European powers based their claim to an African territory
Bismarck maps out a European-controlled Africa
All of the following were decided at the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885:
1. Effective occupation
2. Pledges to stop slave trade
3. Recognition of Leopold II's personal rule over Congo
By 1900 the only areas of Africa not controlled by European countries were:
1. Libera minora
One of the biggest factors in growth of world trade after 1840 was the opening of the:
1. Suez Canal
2. Panama Canal
The "Eastern Question refers to ____________
the weakness of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 19th century.
For their own foreign policy interests, Britain and French sought to keep the _________ intact
"Sick Man of Europe"
Thee Emperor League
collapsed over Austrian-Russian rivalry in the Balkans. As a result of winning the Russo-Turkish War. Russia sought to unite all the Slavic people under the protection of "holy mother" Russia. The issue of control over the South Slavic States became a trouble spot in European peace. The treaty was renewed in 1881 with Austria given the right to annex Boshia-Hervergonio whenever it wished. Treaty lapsed in 1887.