"high point of the city". The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
True villages, small and size unvaried.
Houses modest and stretets unpaved. Monasteries were more imposing.
One of the four categories of cities.
7000 B.P. to 5000 B.P.
development of states and urbanization in Southwest Asia.
People migrated here, in the beginning conditions were horrible for workers.
Focus is the central square. Fronted by royal, religious, public, etc. evincing wealth and prosperity, power and influence. Streets leading to these central suares formed arteries of commerce and the beginnings of what we today call "downtown."
hallmark is suburbanization
Has a government and more focus on the government, religion and trade.
Ranking atop the urban hierarchy. Usually capital city and most expressive of national culture.
when population is divided into a hierarchy of social classes.
Where rulers were believed to have divine authority (theo-religion)
crescent-shaped zone of early urbanization extending across Eurasia from England in the west to Japan in the east.
group of decision makers and organizers who controlled resources and even lives of others
Fourth stage of city societies, a city that contains urban elements and industrial factories, the rise of capitalism, (Skyscrapers, more money )
work in this sector produces goods for export and generates an inflow of money
components of giant conurbations that function separately in certain ways but are linked tgether in a greater metropolitan sphere.
Ranking of settlements according to size and economic functions.
a sub field of geography the focuses especially on urban places, their characteristics, processes of genesis and growth, their systems relative location, and interrelationships
movement of Americans from northern and northeastern states to the South and Southwest
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city.
External locational attributes of a place; relative location or regional position with reference to other nonlocal places.
Internal physical attributes of a place, including its local spatial character and physical setting.
Rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resulting outmigration, real estate agents profit through the turnover of properties.
illegal discriminatory practice in the US where minorities are prevented from obtaining loans to buy homes or property in predominantly white or affluent areas.
In a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be innversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy.
Realtors that encourage whites and blacks to look for housing in areas that would promote changing ghetto boundaries.
the service sector
expansion of economic activity caused by the growth or introduction of another economic activity
term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world
Surrounding area served by an urban center. That center is the focus of goods and services produced for its hinterland and it is the dominant urban influence as well.
restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests
Central business district (CBD)
The downtown heart of a central city, the CBD is marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings.
The production of particular goods or services as a dominant activity in a particular location.
Describes the shifting of urbanization in the U.S. from CBDs toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe.
the maximum distance people can be from a central place and still be attracted to it of business purposes
Classify activities of workers in cities according to purpose.
Central place theory
Theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another.
The strength of an urban center in its capacity to attract produce and consumers to its facilities; a city's "reach" into the surrounding region
The part of an urban area that lies within the outer ring of residential suburbs.
The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
Drawn up to ensure that space is used in ways that society deems to be culturally and environmentally acceptable.
Process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities.
The process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congestion and competition.
The rehabilitation of deteriorated, often abandoned, housing of low-income inner-city residents.
Preservation of near-urban open space.
Centers of strategic control of the world economy.
Money sent back by emigrants to those left behind.
Primate cities affected by communist planning that tended to neglect cultural and historic heritage and attempted to reorganize urban life into..
Recordless economy with no paid taxes.