a large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
the marketplace in ancient Greece
a society in which all persons of a given age-sex category have equal access to economic resources, power, and prestige.
Cities that arose during the Middle Ages and that actually represent a time of relative stagnation in urban growth. This system fostered a dependent relationship between wealthy landowners and peasants who worked their land, providing very little alternative economic opportunities.
City that keeps their traditions, and not modified by outside forces.
time where the major urban hearths came into existance
a city overrun with factories, supply facilities, the expansion of transport systems, and the consturction of tenements for a growing labor force.
fronted by royal, religious, public, and private buildings evincing wealth and prosperity, power and influence (downtown)
modern means of transportation and elaborate road construction have permitted the dispersal of urban population in a process that made suburbanization
city rarely larger than 100,000 people, urban areas were small, transportation was primitive, insecurity, poor sanitation, feudalism
a city that ranks first in a nation in terms of population and economy
People grouped according to economic or social class; characterized by the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and prestige.
a network of ancient cities where rulers were deemed to have divine authority and were in effect god-kings
Arch of the dominant overland, trade-based cities stretching from London to Tokyo in the 1500s before the rise of sea-based trade and exploration.
a group of decision makers and organizers who controlled the resources, and sometimes the lives of others
Fourth stage of city societies, a city that contains urban elements and industrial factories, the rise of capitalism, (Skyscrapers, more money )
Those products or services of an urban economy that are exported outside the city itself, earning income for the community.
Illegal practice of inducing homeowners to sell their properties by telling them that a certain people of a certain race, national origin or religion are moving into the area
Central business district (CBD)
area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
the central part of a city
the property of being central
Central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
A community's collection of basic industries.
the maximum distance people can be from a central place and still be attracted to it of buisiness purposes
clusters of large buildings away from the central business district
production of particular goods or services as a dominant activity in a particular location
Restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon.
a remote and undeveloped area
a very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)
An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent.
a sector in which workers are responsible for the functioning of the city itself
real estate agents advising customers to purchase homes in neighborhoods depending on their race
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the 11th largest settlement is Un the population of the largest settlement.
Illegal practice of refusing to make mortgage loans or issue insurance policies in specific areas for reasons other than economic qualifications of applicants
physical position in relation to the surroundings
physical position in relation to the surroundings
a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
states in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative
The study of how people use space in cities
a ranking of settlements according to their size and economic functions
A spatial generalization of the large, late-twentieth-century city in the United States. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD).
the act of collecting in a mass
The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing etc
the dispersal of an industry that formerly existed in an established agglomeration
the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of lower-income people)
a belt of parks or rural land surrounding a town or city
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
dominant square at center of city and wide, radiating avenues flanked by ugly apartment blocks.
money migrant send back to family and friends in their home coutnries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer coutnries
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.